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Child undernutrition in Pakistan : what do we know (English)

Pakistan has an extraordinarily high and persistent level of child undernutrition. To effectively tackle the problem, the design of public policies and programs needs to be based on evidence. Toward this end, this paper presents a narrative review of the available empirical and qualitative literature on child undernutrition in Pakistan. It summarizes evidence for the country on, among other things, food consumption, spatial variation and trends in undernutrition rates, levels and effects of generally theorized determinants of undernutrition, and effects of various interventions on undernutrition. Based on patterns revealed in and insights gained from the cumulative evidence, the review lays out considerations and suggestions for further data collection and research, and for policy and practice.


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    Raju,Dhushyanth, Dsouza,Ritika

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    Policy Research Working Paper

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    South Asia,

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    Child undernutrition in Pakistan : what do we know ?

  • Keywords

    Undernutrition;maternal and child health services;national household;Infant and Young Child Feeding;Demographic and Health Survey;access to safe drinking water;source of drinking water;caloric consumption;ventilated improved pit latrine;maternal and child nutrition;food and agriculture organization;nutrition status;children's nutrition;share of children;household food consumption;household food insecurity;growth and development;consumption per capita;household survey data;national household survey;health service use;bureau of statistic;total fertility rate;poor household;access to land;food and nutrition;health and nutrition;primary school enrollment;natural disaster risk;household food security;national economic growth;decline in poverty;piped sewer system;fruit and vegetable;world food programme;household consumption expenditure;drinking water source;source of food;loss of nutrient;loss of appetite;risk of death;susceptibility to infection;mother and child;adverse health outcomes;risk of illness;body mass index;unsafe drinking water;drinking water treatment;acute respiratory infection;incidence of diarrhea;indoor air pollution;combustion of biomass;children with diarrhea;Oral rehydration therapies;inadequate food intake;household sample survey;missing data;dietary diversity;underweight rates;food price;national income;negative effect;child growth;rural area;nutrient intake;improved sanitation;eligible child;empirical study;nutrition outcome;survey household;adult equivalent;urban household;wheat price;average household;



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Raju,Dhushyanth Dsouza,Ritika

Child undernutrition in Pakistan : what do we know (English). Policy Research working paper,no. WPS 8049 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.