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Empowering Women Through Family Visioning : a Randomized Experiment in Uganda (English)

Women's empowerment programs have gained popularity in many low-income countries as a means to improve women's economic Status, health and livelihood. Such programs vary widely, ranging from purely economic to solely focused on changing hearts and minds. The successes and failures Of economic approaches have been reviewed based on more than 100 randomized controlled trials (Buvinic and O'Donnell, 2016). Several intervention types have been documented as well proven successes, including savings, child care, conditional cash transfers, land rights, and electrification. But others have been less successful, such as financial literacy training, business training, and micro-credit. Recently, there has been an increasing focus on integrating couples-based, psychosocial components with economic strategies for improving women's empowerment. In Burkina Faso, a family coaching program regarding child protection, gender norms, and decision making was added to an economic intervention and resulted in increased women's financial autonomy, improved marital quality and reduced emotional spousal violence (Ismayilova, 2017). Similarly, in Cöte d'Ivoire, adding couples' trainings on gender inequality to a savings program resulted in a significant reduction in spousal violence (Gupta et al., 2013). In this study, the authors examine the impacts of a couples' workshop that encouraged individual and joint planning for the future and discussions Of gender balance in terms Of responsibilities and access to resources. They examine the impacts Of this workshop on gender norms, decision making, and women's economic participation in rural Uganda. In some households, this intervention was combined with an economic intervention. However, due to our cross-randomized design we are able to identify the impacts of the workshop separately from those accruing to the economic intervention. The context of our study is an area where sugarcane farming represents the majority of household income. As such, economic empowerment is closely linked with the extent and nature of one's participation in sugar production and marketing. This is common in agrarian economies, where increasing women's participation in high-value agriculture is often seen as a promising pathway to economic empowerment. However, participation in production may not improve empowerment without increases in decision-making and control over income. For example, in Cote d'Ivoire, a couples training was found to increase the wife's salience in the action plan for cultivation of rubber. However, her control over income only improved if she was assigned to high-level management tasks (Donald and Rouanet, 2018). In addition to the outcomes of interest noted above, we examine not only the extent but also the nature Of women's involvement in this industry.


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    Ambler, Kate, Jones,Kelly, O'Sullivan,Michael B.

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    Empowering Women Through Family Visioning : a Randomized Experiment in Uganda

  • Keywords

    experimental design; foreign affair; gender norm; share of woman; block production; impact on participation; measures of efficiency; participation in management; impact of intervention; production of sugarcane; cash crop production; nature of women; intimate partner violence; allocation of responsibility; short time horizon; years of schooling; level of compliance; success and failure; financial literacy training; randomized controlled trials; conditional cash transfer; household decision; standard error; women's empowerment; fixed effect; baseline survey; Gender Equality; sugarcane production; bargaining power; primary managers; economic empowerment; treatment effect; sugarcane farming; formal schooling; Gender Inequality; gender inequalities; spousal violence; household resource; family visit; household sample; average score; field visits; negative coefficient; production activity; relative increase; sales activity; initial visit; resource access; household head; baseline data; household level; empowering women; marginal effect; personal expenditures; intermediate outcome; collected information; marketing activity; demographic characteristic; outstanding loan; sample household; Learning and Innovation Credit; standard deviation; school room; field activity; land use; land right; achieving equality; downstream impact; increased access; agricultural household; sugar production; household income; participatory training; gender balance; sugar company; age difference; saving program; business training; financial autonomy; indirect impact; Child protection; child schooling; Child care; participatory planning; summary statistic; sampling frame; gender dynamic; interaction effect; resource account; hypothesis testing; lake victoria; gender equity; sales management; married couple; positive coefficient



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Ambler, Kate Jones,Kelly O'Sullivan,Michael B.

Empowering Women Through Family Visioning : a Randomized Experiment in Uganda (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.