Skip to Main Navigation

Economic impacts of inadequate sanitation in India (English)

The Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) has launched a multi country Economics of Sanitation Initiative (ESI) to study the economic impacts of poor sanitation and the costs and benefits of improved sanitation options. The overall goal of ESI is to provide decision makers at the country and regional levels with the evidence they need to advocate for increased investment in improving sanitation and to provide an improved evidence-base for efficient planning and implementation of sustainable sanitation and hygiene options and programs. The inter-related objectives of the ESI India Study are to: carry out an impact study to generate evidence on the economic impacts of current sanitation arrangements and hygiene practices in relation to the management of human excreta, in both the rural and urban areas of India, based on an analysis of secondary data; carry out an options study to collect and analyze data on the actual costs and benefits of different sanitation options or interventions in a range of program delivery contexts. The ESI impact study is highly relevant to the sanitation challenges that the people of India face today in both rural and urban areas of the country.




Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


Economic impacts of inadequate sanitation in India (English). Water and Sanitation Program Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.