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Which Jobs Are Most Vulnerable to COVID-19 What an Analysis of the European Union Reveals (English)

This Research and Policy Brief presents measures of labor market exposure to COVID-19 (coronavirus)in the European Union (EU) by identifying jobs in non-essential industries that cannot be performed from home. Jobs most at risk account for 30 percent of all EU employment. These jobs are concentrated in lagging regions; tend to be low paid and less secure; and are disproportionately held by young, poorly educated workers and migrants. In the absence of urgent large-scale remedial action, the COVID-19 (coronavirus) is likely to exacerbate preexisting socioeconomic and regional disparities.


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    Europe and Central Asia,

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    Which Jobs Are Most Vulnerable to COVID-19? What an Analysis of the European Union Reveals

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    Homebased Work; information and communication technology; technology need; share of employment; development research group; Labor Market; work at home; share of labor; compulsory social security; purchasing power parity; jobs in agriculture; state of emergency; Employment and Trade; place of work; labor force survey; labor market policy; cash transfer program; income decile; social distance; manufacturing jobs; infrastructure security; regional disparity; Occupation; paying job; education service; lagging region; induced labor; remedial action; Education Services; temporary job; national account; regional poverty; Food Services; high correlation; geographic region; Waste Management; gas transport; retail trade; network transport; occupational information; insurance activity; employment data; Real estate; government mandate; substantial variation; social work; fiscal source; job loss; wage earner; poverty comparison; high vulnerability; income bracket; low education; Learning and Innovation Credit; migrant education; stimulus package; total employment; occupational hazard; industrial revolution; executive order; personal interaction; market disruption; behavioral change; social education; physical presence; personal relationship; high share; remedial measure; manufacturing sector; earnings distribution; temporary worker; education level; income loss; alternative measure; measure of use; limited resources; emergency service; Public Services; federal government; essential goods; health outcome; risk account; implementing policy



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Which Jobs Are Most Vulnerable to COVID-19 What an Analysis of the European Union Reveals (English). Research & Policy Briefs,no. 34 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.