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Searching for a new silver age in Russia : the drivers and impacts of population aging - overview report (Russian)

Russia’s population is expected to age significantly over the next few decades. The coming decline in Russia’s working-age population will pose serious social and economic challenges, but it can also open up opportunities. Without adequate adjustments of policies and behaviors, an aging population can impair national growth and fiscal sustainability. These pessimistic forecasts, however, are based on the unrealistic assumption that individuals and government policy will not change. Achieving healthy, active, and prosperous aging will require policy changes across a host of areas. Policies to support women can both limit population aging and increase labor force participation. Changes in behavior and policy can greatly mitigate the impact of aging on growth and fiscal sustainability. Promoting adult education and better age-management human resources policies at the firm level is essential to improve the employment prospects for older workers and raise productivity across the age spectrum. This volume presents research from the World Bank on the impact of demographic trends in Russia. The first section focuses on the macroeconomic impacts of aging and considers how aging has affected gross domestic product (GDP) growth and convergence among Russian regions since the early 1990s; it also offers alternative approaches to forecasting the relationship between aging and growth. The second section, dealing with the relationship of human development outcomes and demographics, discusses how family policies can help women have more children, and still attain greater and longer participation in the labor force. The last part addresses the role of adult education in improving Russia’s competitiveness and enabling longer and more productive working lives. A final section pulls together the main conclusions.


  • Author

    Hansl,Birgit, Levin,Victoria, Shaw,William

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    Working Paper

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  • Country

    Russian Federation,

  • Region

    Europe and Central Asia,

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  • Doc Name

    Searching for a new silver age in Russia : the drivers and impacts of population aging - overview report

  • Keywords

    Progress in International Reading Literacy Study;estimate impact;regional trends;labor market policy;saving rate;retirement age;demographic change;energy information administration;information and communication technology;reform of health care;demand for health care;share of education spending;Demographic Transition;improvements in life expectancy;natural resource revenue;Oil & Gas;Oil and Gas;Labor Policies;labor policy;working-age population;per capita income;labor force participation;baseline scenario;Population Aging;demographic trend;gdp growth rate;fixed capital stock;household survey data;impact of population;pension fund contribution;high fertility rate;economically active population;total factor productivity;price of oil;household saving rate;gross national income;demographic dividend;marginal impact;impact of policy;active labor policy;national saving rate;consumption over time;flexible work arrangement;official insurance premium;number of births;natural gas production;health care system;employer pension plan;real interest rate;incidence of disease;amount of tax;health care spending;human resource policies;family support policy;national income account;human resource policy;long-term fiscal sustainability;world war ii;total fertility rate;excessive alcohol consumption;old age group;aggregate saving rate;old-age dependency ratio;productive working life;high oil price;social protection policy;business cycle fluctuation;human development outcome;tax collection effort;lack of opportunity;progressive tax system;health care expenditure;gross domestic product;Early Childhood Development;persistent fiscal deficits;sovereign wealth fund;expenditure education;labor market reform;annual average growth;drag on growth;number of workers;older worker;labor productivity;



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Hansl,Birgit Levin,Victoria Shaw,William

Searching for a new silver age in Russia : the drivers and impacts of population aging - overview report (Russian). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.