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Laos - Nam Theun 2 Multipurpose Project : twenty-seventh report of the international environmental and social panel of experts (English)

The 27th Report to the Government of Lao PDR (GOL) of the Panel of Experts (POE) on its mission of November-December 2017 reviews achievement of the Resettlement Objectives and Provisions (ROPs) in the Concession Agreement (CA) required for closure of the Resettlement Implementation Period (RIP), extended for two years to December 2017. A final chapter discusses the current situation of the Watershed Management and Protection Authority (WMPA). The report follows an interim report made at the close of the mission and a draft report to GOL in February this year. POE advice takes account of the project’s record over the past two decades in terms of global good practice in large dam projects. The CA’s innovations include offsetting biodiversity loss with the Nakai-Nam Theun Protected Area (NNTPA); addressing project impacts on villages downstream of the dam; improving housing, education and health; extending support to descendants of the original resettlers; and public reporting by independent external monitoring agencies. Resettler households and villages have largely exceeded their CA income targets, with many over double the target levels in terms of consumption, although there are still some risks to sustainable livelihoods. Over the past two years the program to meet the CA’s environmental and social requirements has greatly accelerated. A Joint Working Group (JWG) of GOL, NTPC and International Financial Institutions (IFIs) has overseen implementation of a List of Actions (LoA) aimed at achieving the ROPs. The LoA does not meet all that is required by the CA but is significant evidence of progress. The NTPC has agreed to fund and complete any LoA requirements remaining after closure. Following closure, plans and finance are in place for continuing development of resettler livelihoods through to 2035. The GOL and other JWG members have asked the POE to ‘endorse the immediate closure of the RIP’ based on a proposal to establish a Nakai Plateau Working Group (NPWG) to fulfil remaining obligations under the CA and establish a post-RIP institutional platform. The authors accept that all parties apart from some resettlers wish to close the RIP soon. The project’s overall innovatory aspects and its recent swift adjustment to a framework more closely aligned to the CA merit recognition. The POE is therefore prepared to recommend that the RIP be closed subject to meeting specific conditions recommended in this report. A closure decision on or around 30 June 2018 would fit the JWG’s timetable for completing CAP activities. A further POE mission will verify that the conditions have been met.

Details

  • Author

    Mcdowell,David K., Mann,Elizabeth, Talbot,Lee M.

  • Document Date

    2018/05/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    POE27

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Lao People's Democratic Republic,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2018/06/19

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Laos - Nam Theun 2 Multipurpose Project : twenty-seventh report of the international environmental and social panel of experts

  • Keywords

    land management; ethnic group; real per capita consumption; fishery management plan; foot and mouth disease; Policy and Institutional Framework; source of income; source income; standard of living; agriculture and forestry; demand for land; terms of consumption; education and health; sustainability of livelihood; access to forest; household income; national poverty line; community forest resource; short of target; land cover map; people with disability; resolution of dispute; income from business; literacy and numeracy; village development plan; mixed farming systems; repair and maintenance; gender balance target; agriculture and livestock; area under cultivation; land use planning; sense of ownership; cost of production; requirement use; sustainable livelihood; fish processing; income target; agricultural land; external monitoring; fish stock; land sale; plantation forestry; living standard; biodiversity loss; long-term sustainability; land conversion; lao kip; vulnerable household; species diversity; social requirement; single source

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Citation

Mcdowell,David K. Mann,Elizabeth Talbot,Lee M.

Laos - Nam Theun 2 Multipurpose Project : twenty-seventh report of the international environmental and social panel of experts (English). Panel of experts,report no. 27 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/820971529409010323/Laos-Nam-Theun-2-Multipurpose-Project-twenty-seventh-report-of-the-international-environmental-and-social-panel-of-experts