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Forests for Green Pakistan : Forest Policy Note (English)

As a forest poor country, Pakistan has witnessed a drastic decrease in its forest resources over the last few decades, as well as serious soil erosion, frequent floods and other deforestation related disasters. Reduced and degraded forest resources have also affected negatively its forest-based rural livelihood and economic activities. As part of the global forest discourse, the Government of Pakistan has gradually recognized the importance of its forest resources and developed in the last five years few afforestation schemes to protect and restore its forest resources. Under this context, this policy note is prepared to help the World Bank identify ways to support the country’s afforestation efforts. This policy note aims to provide an overview of Pakistan’s forest sector based on latest data that are publicly available. It first presents the baseline and developmental trends of Pakistan’s forest resources. It then provides reported social and economic benefits of forest resources of Pakistan. After this, the note summarizes existing regulatory and institutional systems for forest management in the country and highlights the known challenges of these systems in promoting sound forest management in the country. To help identify areas of engagements for the World Bank, the note also summarizes lessons learned from previous forest engagements of the World Bank and other donors. Finally, the note recommends three areas of support the World Bank may consider in its future forest engagement - policy interventions to improve the overall forest governance in the country, capacity building to ensure that sound forest management practices are accepted and practiced by key forest institutions, and forest investments to demonstrate concrete environmental, social and economic benefits at key landscapes and forest dependent communities.

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Citation

Koirala,Rajesh Ru,Jiang Jabeen,Rahat

Forests for Green Pakistan : Forest Policy Note (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/823081541716238227/Forests-for-Green-Pakistan-Forest-Policy-Note