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Where have all the poor gone : Cambodia poverty assessment 2013 (English)

Over the seven years from 2004 through 2011, Cambodian economic growth was tremendous, ranking amid the best in the world. Moreover, household consumption increased by nearly 40 percent. And this growth was pro-poor, not only reducing inequality, but also proportionally boosting poor people's consumption further and faster than that of the non-poor. As a result, the poverty rate dropped from 52.2 to 20.5 percent, surpassing all expectations. However, the majority of these people escaped poverty only slightly: they remain highly vulnerable, even to small shocks, which could quickly bring them back into poverty. The main drivers of poverty reduction were better prices of rice for farmers, better wages for agricultural workers, increases in salary jobs for the urban labor force, and better income for non-agricultural businesses for rural households. Improvements in health and education, as well as government investment in infrastructure, provided a favorable environment for the poor, allowing many of them to pull themselves out of poverty. Looking forward, some of these drivers of poverty reduction are likely to stall. Coupled with increased vulnerability, the present conditions create new challenges for the Royal Government of Cambodia. Furthermore, most of the improvements in Cambodia originated at very low values, thus leaving much work to better the well-being of many Cambodian households. Outstanding gains have been achieved, but it will take focus and further actions to maintain Cambodia's future growth. Most poverty in Cambodia is found in the countryside: about 90 percent of Cambodia's poor live in rural areas. To generate the maximum impact, government policies should concentrate on the productivity of the rural poor's major assets: their labor and their land.

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  • Author

    Sobrado, Carlos Neak, Samsen Ly, Sodeth Aldaz-Carroll, Enrique Gamberoni, Elisa Arias-Vazquez, Francisco Fukao, Tsuyoshi Beng, Simeth Johnston, Timothy Joaquin, Miguel San Bruni, Lucilla de Groot, Richard

  • Document Date

    2014/05/26

  • Document Type

    Poverty Assessment

  • Report Number

    ACS4545

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Cambodia,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2014/06/16

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Where have all the poor gone? : Cambodia poverty assessment 2013

  • Keywords

    urban worker;children's needs;average per capita consumption;maternal and child nutrition;population share;correlates of poverty;quality of health care;quality health care;rapid growth in credit;education and health;foreign direct investment;price of rice;global financial crisis;Rule of Law;net enrollment rate;gross enrollment rate;rice production;real growth rate;public health system;flow of information;balance of payment;current account deficit;debt sustainability analysis;rapid credit growth;external public debt;real estate price;fuel price increase;deceleration in growth;displacement of people;social protection system;global economic outlook;improvements in health;measure of inequality;social protection strategy;reduction in poverty;improvements in access;flow of resource;nominal exchange rate;national poverty reduction;social security system;increase in consumption;social protection program;bilateral trade agreement;gender wage gap;Social Safety Nets;access to school;role of gender;rural area;live birth;rice price;Exchange Rates;real gdp;housing service;price control;fiscal consolidation;poor household;fiscal management;free flow;Fiscal policies;health issue;fiscal policy;high wage;military force;agriculture sector;salaried employment;garment industry;Industrial Policy;Industrial Policies;consumption increase;labor standard;industrial sector;household consumption;student enter;escape poverty;political instability;trade deficit;open defecation;agricultural product;urban labor;commodity price;weather shock;basic infrastructure;financial risk;artificial barrier;agricultural sector;dropout rate;Child Mortality;observed change;early age;Education Quality;urban household;construction boom;capita figure;street vendor;poverty estimate;initial value;increased inequality;central agencies;tourism receipts;education outcome;fiscal deficit;poverty target;inequality measure;mobile telephone;monetary policy;water bottles;Phnom Penh;fiscal risk;Population Projection;fiscal balance;target health;trade balance;power purchasing;average household;domestic revenue;external financing;previous work;health outcome;average consumption;baseline scenario;supervisory capacity;weak bank;Macroeconomic Stability;open investment;healthy child;stunted child;young people;relative inequality;agricultural crop;productive sector;consumer durable;individual income;housing condition;agricultural production;dry season;response mechanism;septic tank;foreign reserve;population increase;consumption growth;wage labor;employment composition;micro enterprise;contingent liability;contingent liabilities;consumer goods;current expenditure;Labor Market;household growth;measuring poverty;Antenatal Care;employment opportunity;education attainment;public policy;positive impact;conflict countries;secondary enrollment;birth certificate;selling drug;important share;food intake;productive activity;young adult;employment opportunities;forced labor;natural disaster;birth date;school enrollment;Civil War;construction industry;Rural Poor;rural worker;reducing inequality;Avian Flu;national market;apparel industry;social assistance;demographic dividend;Fiscal Stimulus;death toll;intervention policy;medical facility;million people;internal conflict;cognitive development;personal property;health facility;social program;Ethnic Minorities;construction sector;minimum level;political group;feeding practice;micronutrient supplements;fortified food;material imports;child growth;washing hand;protecting worker;Labor Law;garment factories;food fortification;vulnerable people;Macroeconomic Policy;investment policy;environmental concern;reserve requirement;external shock;health problem;rising cost;Natural Resources;income threshold;tax burden;land degradation;open trade;living condition;vietnam war;tenure security;elected officials;outcome indicator;tourism industry;extreme conditions;external power;free movement;Education Policy;Cash Transfer;minimum wage;young men;future worker

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Citation

Sobrado, Carlos Neak, Samsen Ly, Sodeth Aldaz-Carroll, Enrique Gamberoni, Elisa Arias-Vazquez, Francisco Fukao, Tsuyoshi Beng, Simeth Johnston, Timothy Joaquin, Miguel San Bruni, Lucilla de Groot, Richard

Where have all the poor gone : Cambodia poverty assessment 2013 (English). A World Bank country study Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/824341468017405577/Where-have-all-the-poor-gone-Cambodia-poverty-assessment-2013