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China - Hunan Forest Restoration and Development Project (HFRDP) : environmental assessment (Vol. 2) : Environmental protection guidelines (English)

The overall development objective for the Hunan Forest Restoration and Development Project (HFRDP) for China is to develop and adopt forest restoration and management models that will strengthen resilience and enhance carbon sequestration in forest areas damaged by the ice storm in Hunan province. Negative impacts include: damage the natural vegetation; water and soil erosion; tree species will cause the decrease of the ecological adaptability and stability of forest plantation; water and soil loss and damage of natural vegetable in fragile regions; and dust. Mitigation measures include: 1) areas which are seriously destroyed by ice disaster, of geo-ecological importance, fragile in ecological conditions or have severe ecological problems should be selected for project afforestation. Areas with valuable natural habitats, natural and cultural heritages can never be selected. The forbidden areas for new plantation establishment and existing plantation improvement include areas less than 2000 m from the buffer zones of nature or cultural heritages, less than 50 m from the main river banks and 20 m from the subsidiary river banks; 2) in the aspect of allocation of tree species, it is advocated to establish mixed forest with multiple tree species, which should mix with the existing forests and natural vegetation, proper site selection and scientific allocation of tree species should be considered during the project design, such as combination of tree species, provenance, gene types and tree ages. The strong seedlings cultivated from superior provenance, families or clones of native tree species are selected for afforestation to strengthen the pests and diseases resistance capacity and to reduce risks of pests/diseases occurrence; 3) mountain burning is forbidden for the site slashing, bushes or grasses that hinder the afforestation activities should be removed in patch or strip forms. Removed bushes or grasses should be piled between such strips or planting holes for natural decomposition, and protection zone of sufficient size should be divided on both sides of stream; 4) vegetation protection belt of l0 m wide should be retained between the edges of the forest plantation block and the farmland, and after the site preparation, the litter materials will be mulched on land surface to avoid raw soil exposure; and 5) removal and transportation of construction waste should be carried out in closed container. Construction waste should be stored respectively in accordance with the provisions of municipal waste classification, and removed in time, the vehicle used in transportation should be covered with tarpaulins, and measures such as building fence or watering should be used to suppress dust at the construction site.

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China - Hunan Forest Restoration and Development Project (HFRDP) : environmental assessment (Vol. 2) : Environmental protection guidelines (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/831051468017475560/Environmental-protection-guidelines