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Review of the Evidence on Short-Term Education and Skills Training Programs for Out-of-School Youth with a Focus on the Use of Incentives (English)

Short-term education and skills training programs are a popular way to meet the needs of unemployed, out-of-school youth by providing them with an opportunity to quickly acquire qualifications and skills that can lead to productive employment. This paper reviews the global evidence to identify which programs are most effective at delivering results. How incentives for stakeholders are incorporated into the program design is given particular attention. Based on the findings, recommendations are offered for the future design of these training programs.


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    Clarke,Margaret M., Sharma,Meghna, Bhattacharjee,Pradyumna

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    The World Region,

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    Review of the Evidence on Short-Term Education and Skills Training Programs for Out-of-School Youth with a Focus on the Use of Incentives

  • Keywords

    complete secondary school; business development service; active labor market program; Performance-Based Grant; changing nature of work; skill training programs; school youth; youth training program; literacy and numeracy; children and youth; life skill training; human capital accumulation; results-based financing; theory of change; positive impact; high dropout rate; job training program; primary school age; adult basic education; adult basic skill; job search process; lower secondary school; income eligibility limit; place of work; long term unemployment; high school equivalency; difference in outcomes; local market condition; basic life skill; improved food security; access to women; impacts on employment; human capital development; paucity of data; quality of employment; quality employment; job search assistance; tertiary education provider; private sector actors; conditional cash transfer; types of beneficiaries; labor market demand; quality of job; return on investment; second chance education; formal education system; Value for Money; cost of living; years of schooling; short-term training; female youth; intrinsic motivation; program duration; education component; financial incentive; Vocational Training; productive employment; vulnerable youth; available evidence; job placement; vocational skill; in school; classroom training; work experience; job skill; business skill; education outcome; functionally illiterate; participant group; cash grant; program review; educational impact; employment rate; school child; program completion; cognitive skill; needy student; drop-out rate; educational input; school attendance; school dropout; treatment group; program outcome; funding source; skill need; investment operation; open school; corporate partner; educational outcome; skilled trade; curative measure; occupational skill; long-term impact; preventive measure; emotional skill; business service; rural area; educated youth; workforce participation; Social Protection; academic performance; urban districts; educational output; national scheme; new horizon; religious minority; based contracts; private education; upper primary; standard approach; program impact; selection criterion; research study; gold standard; youth employment; future research; empirical literature; contextual factor; external factor; age range; minority neighborhood; still others; youth group; young male; overall cost; particular country; public fund; private foundations; degree program; education institution; postsecondary education; cost information; welfare dependence; adult male; adult man; unemployed individual; survey period; unemployed youth; wage employment; collected data; employment training; program results; disadvantaged youth; future earnings; academic credential; further training; formal schooling; apprenticeship training; outcome data; earnings increase; real interest; cost-benefit analysis; market outcome; average cost; future education; time profile; program effect; regression model; time horizon; recent studies; differential impact; learning activity; leadership skill; monthly income; target beneficiary; education experience; college enrollment; placement service; local employer; Higher Education; teenage pregnancy; capital stock; rural farmer; household level; Reproductive Health; risky behavior; gender norm; numeracy skill; formal certification; life expectation; overall employment; private training; unemployed male; good manufacturing; minimum wage; marketable skill; subsidiary right; quality education; several years; common strategies; cash incentives; government use; program effectiveness; hybrid program; short period; longitudinal data; education qualification; program evaluation; Learning and Innovation Credit; regular income; research show; young adult; skill profile; secondary level; youth bulge; employment outcome; youth development; self interest; implicit assumption; future worker; voucher scheme; economic prosperity; capital formatio



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Clarke,Margaret M. Sharma,Meghna Bhattacharjee,Pradyumna

Review of the Evidence on Short-Term Education and Skills Training Programs for Out-of-School Youth with a Focus on the Use of Incentives (English). Social Protection and Jobs Discussion Paper,no. 2103 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.