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Groundswell Africa : Internal Climate Migration in West African Countries (Vol. 2) : Executive Summary (English)

West Africans have a long history of coping with challenging climatic conditions. Mobility has always been a key strategy for people in the region to manage risks and avail opportunities, be it nomads traveling the Sahel to feed their livestock, fishermen braving stormy seas, or merchants crossing the desert. However, as climate shocks and stresses escalate in the coming decades, West Africans could face unprecedented challenges. Despite the region’s relatively small carbon footprint, it will be one of those most affected by the impacts of climate change. The study finds that without concrete climate and development action, up to 32 million people in West Africa could be compelled to move within their countries by 2050, in response to water scarcity, declines in crop productivity and sea level rise, augmented by storm surge. By 2050, Nigeria alone could have up to 9.4 million internal climate migrants, the highest count in the region, while Senegal could see internal climate migrants reaching over 3 percent of its population - the highest share in the region. Smaller coastal countries in West Africa like Benin could see climate migrants representing 40 percent all internal migrants by 2050.

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  • Author

    Rigaud,Kanta K., Sherbinin,Alex de, Jones,Bryan R, Adamo,Susana, Maleki,David, Abu-Ata,Nathalie E., Casals Fernandez,Anna Taeko, Arora,Anmol, Chai-Onn,Tricia, Mills,Briar

  • Document Date

    2021/10/26

  • Document Type

    Report

  • Report Number

    165167

  • Volume No

    2

  • Total Volume(s)

    3

  • Country

    Africa,

  • Region

    Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2021/10/27

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Executive Summary

  • Keywords

    Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development; international earth science information network; adverse impacts of climate change; migration-development nexus; impact of climate change; nationally determine contribution; climate-related risks; global average temperature increase; information and communication technology; Management of Natural Resources; Fragility, Conflict, and Violence; social and economic transformation; case study of nigeria; rural to urban migration; sea level rise; induced migration; million people; greenhouse gas emission; high poverty incidence; coastal urban areas; number of migrants; sustainable development goals; engine of growth; movement of people; context of terrorism; future climate change; change in population; Help community; rural population growth; individual country data; low emissions scenario; several background papers; increase in population; climate change risk; Social Safety Nets; country of origin; early warning system; climate sensitive sectors; Disaster Risk Reduction; line of defense; spatial population distribution; incidence of poverty; Environmental Risk Management; growth and development; land use plan; climate change resilience; Internally Displaced Person; service and infrastructure; high poverty rate; existing legal framework; coastal zone planning; climate impact; climate factors; water availability; storm surge; inclusive development; coastal area; internal migration; adverse consequence

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Citation

Rigaud,Kanta K. Sherbinin,Alex de Jones,Bryan R Adamo,Susana Maleki,David Abu-Ata,Nathalie E. Casals Fernandez,Anna Taeko Arora,Anmol Chai-Onn,Tricia Mills,Briar

Groundswell Africa : Internal Climate Migration in West African Countries (Vol. 2) : Executive Summary (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/842331635276085028/Executive-Summary