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Sustainable rural sanitation services program for results : environmental and social systems assessment (English)

Egypt is a middle income country with a rapidly growing population, high levels of unemployment and a heavily skewed income distribution. The Government of Egypt (GoE) has placed a high priority on providing drinking water and sanitation services and is currently implementing 1400 projects and with a 2014/15 budget of LE 4.2 billion (USD 587 million). Most investment over the last 20 years has been on water supply and this has raised access to safe drinking water from 39 to 93 whereas sanitation services have lagged and only about 12 of the population in rural areas are connected to piped sewerage systems with adequate wastewater treatment. Most people in rural areas use traditional permeable septic tanks which due to the high water table in the Nile Delta lead to sewage in the streets, the collapse of buildings and very high septage emptying costs. Rural sanitation is therefore now a major priority of the government particularly in the low lying and densely populated Nile Delta. The GoE has started implementing major sanitation programs and a major part of the current budget is allocated to sanitation. The National Rural Sanitation Program (NRSP) was launched in 2014 with the goal of serving all the rural population by 2037 and a development objective to "accelerate access to rural sanitation services and to ensure sustainable service delivery". It has an estimated cost of LE 100 million (USD 14 billion) and will cover 4700 villages 27,000 satellite villages. The initial focus of the NRSP is a program to cover 769 "polluting" villages in 7 governorates that discharge untreated wastewater surface watercourses that ends at the Al Salam Canal and the Rosetta Branch Canal.

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Sustainable rural sanitation services program for results : environmental and social systems assessment (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/850631467986280641/Sustainable-rural-sanitation-services-program-for-results-environmental-and-social-systems-assessment