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Enabling equitable access to rural electrification: Current thinking on energy, poverty, and gender (English)

The intersection of energy, poverty alleviation and gender is a key issue that a number of energy programs and bilateral donors are eager to address. Because of pressure to meet the dual objectives of environmental and climate change and poverty alleviation, energy programs are being designed without proven models, and models are being sought urgently. Adding to knowledge in this area could improve the contribution of energy projects to poverty and gender objectives in a wide audience. This briefing paper summarizes current thinking on energy, poverty, and gender. A particular focus is given on rural electrification with renewable energy, based on Asia Alternative Energy (ASTAE) program's historical comparative advantage. Nonetheless, this is only a snapshot of the reality of rural energy poverty, which is noted where appropriate. In the first section, energy, poverty, and gender relationships are explored. Sustainable energy development and poverty thinking is described, the energy-poverty-gender nexus is analyzed, and current efforts in energy and gender are reviewed. New thinking on poverty is described in the second section, together with some implications for the energy sector. Some promising approaches, based on recent studies, to widening access to rural electrification to the poor in general are summarized in section 3, and key empirical questions are identified concerning energy-poverty links. Section 4 focuses on four key issues of rural electrification programs for poor rural women: gender-disaggregated data and analysis; wood energy, cooking, and their impact on health; gender-specific electricity needs; and equal access to credit and other resources for microenterprises. In conclusion, the important needs are to disaggregate by gender in the project cycle, document existing experiences, encourage multidisciplinary dialog, and develop new approaches in energy, poverty, and gender.


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    Cecelski,Elizabeth W.

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    Working Paper

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    The World Region,

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    Enabling equitable access to rural electrification: Current thinking on energy, poverty, and gender

  • Keywords

    Energy;rural areas of south africa;access to irrigation water;project design and implementation;information and communication technology;Climate Change and Poverty;terms of poverty reduction;access to water supply;access to energy source;poverty does;implementation of agenda 21;Economic Rate of Retum;gender and energy;rural energy poverty;sustainable energy development;forms of energy;poor rural woman;Access to Electricity;poverty and gender;source of energy;Solar Home System;power sector reform;national policy maker;rural energy service;adequate energy supply;rural electrification program;issue of gender;energy policy analysis;energy market reform;understanding of poverty;elimination of poverty;photovoltaic household electrification;low cost wiring;Water and Agriculture;energy sector governance;fossil fuel technology;infrastructure and services;provision of energy;energy assistance program;social impact study;rural development benefit;risk and vulnerability;local capacity building;renewable energy company;growth and development;gender and poverty;gains and losses;degrees of participation;provision of infrastructure;allocation of resource;process of development;household energy need;renewable energy activity;impact on health;indoor air pollution;state electricity board;high income population;Oil and Gas;Oil & Gas;electric power plant;renewable energy technologies;modern energy service;rural electrification policy;solar photovoltaic system;renewable energy service;renewable energy development;environmentally benign energy;work at home;suppliers of energy;risk of poverty;people without access;regular cash income;effects on wage;energy supply systems;efficiency and quality;access to grid;local capital market;sustainable development agenda;gas and electricity;energy policies;



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Cecelski,Elizabeth W.

Enabling equitable access to rural electrification: Current thinking on energy, poverty, and gender (English). Energy, poverty, and gender working paper series Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.