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Community participation in development projects : the World Bank experience (English)

This paper reviews the World Bank's experience with community participation (CP) in a sample of its projects selected from three different sectors; urban housing, population, health and nutrition (PHN), and irrigation. The sample was chosen on a judgmental basis and consisted of forty projects which were known to have the potential for the use of CP or incorporated it in their strategies, and ten successful projects from the same sectors which did not make use of CP. The focus of the paper is on the approaches to participation employed by the first set of projects and the lessons to be learned from their experience. An analysis of the second set of projects sheds light on the reasons why community participation was neglected by them.


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    Paul, Samuel

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    Community participation in development projects : the World Bank experience

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    access to basic health care;project design and implementation;role of bank;Objectives and Outcomes;sites and services;water user association;staff appraisal reports;impact on poverty;consequences of failure;degree of complexity;inequality of income;impact of inequality;freedom of choice;appropriateness of services;urban housing sector;interest due;agriculture and irrigation;health sector policy;construction of facilities;political decision making;efforts of governments;demand for service;implications for policy;participation of beneficiary;distribution of water;number of beneficiaries;primary health care;field workers;beneficiary capacity;cost sharing;project effectiveness;community participation;beneficiary group;conceptual framework;community workers;active participation;equitable sharing;project costing;consultative process;donor staff;non-governmental organization;project strategies;extension worker;beneficiary involvement;mutual help;external intervention;weak section;urban sector;governmental agency;social setting;small farm;Rural Poor;urban poor;potential users;unintended effect;community group;equity effects;impact indicator;contraceptive distribution;Nutrition Projects;nutrition education;poverty alleviation;project intervention;sectoral priority;Health Workers;volunteer worker;drug purchases;cooperative mechanism;irrigation system;community needs;intended beneficiary;beneficiary participation;Health Service;land preparation;productive activity;local ngo;urban upgrade;farm extension;operational activity;power relation;international donor;social scientist;public attention;project goals;exclusive use;ample evidence;local beneficiary;statistical survey;beneficiary analysis;borrower country;community empowerment;community center;confidence building;disproportionate share;civic service;demographic characteristic;governmental efforts;road planning;take time;opportunity cost;initial investment;housing authority;cultural acceptability;citizen participation;nutrition program;specific issue;slum dweller;positive impact;research program;discussion papers;considerable disagreement;international workshop;irrigation sector;project plan;political awareness;institutional purchaser;macro level;diverse perspective;political participation;political lobby;participatory form;government personnel;participatory institution;field staff;community mobilization;capacity enhancement;small children;operational responsibility;community volunteer;local leadership;innovative experiments;policy statement;project operation;supply side;poverty eradication;social tradition;local initiative;fair share;benefit sharing;Borrowing Countries;project sustainability;local agency;technological gap;project impact;operational aspect;physical infrastructure;land title;dissemination process;government training;present study;broadest sense;geographical distribution;public servant;political support;sectoral distribution;



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Paul, Samuel

Community participation in development projects : the World Bank experience (English). World Bank discussion papers ; no. WDP 6 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.