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Pakistan - Private sector participation in urban environmental services : water and wastewater services and solid waste management - a sector study (English)

This study proposes options for promoting private sector participation in urban environmental services--water and wastewater services and solid waste management--based upon its observed potential in Pakistan. The study reviews the existing structure, performance, regulation, and current activity in the sector in four cities to map the groundwork that has already been laid and from which private sector participation may grow. It also draws upon international experience to establish best practices for promoting greater private sector involvement in urban environment services in the country. The study is organized in two parts, discussing first water and wastewater services and then solid waste management. Services are reviewed in four cities--Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad, and Islamabad--to serve as the country context for the study. For water and wastewater services, the study gives options and implications in 1) private sector participation in service charge and quality, 2) tariffs and efficiency improvements, 3) regulating public versus private service provision, 4) labor, and 5) international finance. The report next analyzes privatization activities and best practices recommended to increase private sector participation in solid waste management. The study proposes reforming the enabling environment and gives desired conditions for improving solid waste management of general municipal wastes and special wastes, like hazardous industrial and medical wastes.

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Pakistan - Private sector participation in urban environmental services : water and wastewater services and solid waste management - a sector study (English). World Development Sources, WDS 1998-1 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/852321468774946707/Pakistan-Private-sector-participation-in-urban-environmental-services-water-and-wastewater-services-and-solid-waste-management-a-sector-study