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Petroleum supply reforms could yield huge savings (and other briefs) (English)

Petroleum supply reforms could yield huge savings. Training flourishes in the informal sector. Credit is a constraint to enterprise development. cAN Africa pay for its universities. How to double Sub-Saharan Africa's agricultural growth rate. Upgrading farming systems in the Sahel. Agricultural research is being revitalized.

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    Birks, Steve blair, Robert D. D. Speirs, Mike olsen, ole Spurling, Andrew Moeller, Philip W. Serageldin, I. Elmendorf, A. E. El-Tijani, E. Roseberry, Wendy

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    Petroleum supply reforms could yield huge savings (and other briefs)

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    human resource and institutional development;access to primary education;agricultural growth rate;regional centers of excellence;taxes on petroleum product;economic and sector work;monitoring and evaluation capacity;Efficiency of Public Expenditures;public expenditure for health;water supply and sanitation;loss of soil fertility;small and medium enterprise;trade credit;skill acquisition;informal sector;formal training institution;private sector involvement;cash crop production;farmer;student fee;structural adjustment;judicial system;Enterprise Development;continuing education programs;ministries of health;health care service;private sector company;university research center;health care needs;Health in Africa;general civil service;rights to land;loss of life;rural water supply;Natural Resource Management;land and water;quality and quantity;animal husbandry techniques;fungibility of money;long term loan;quality of science;foreign exchange shortage;crop and livestock;nonpayment of debt;primarily due;degree of inefficiency;application of biotechnology;renewable natural resource;public transport agency;lack of autonomy;lack of accountability;career development opportunity;crop loss reduction;national agricultural research;commercial energy consumption;regional agricultural research;local health center;Sexually Transmitted Disease;imports of petroleum;indicators of susceptibility;prevention of aids;spread of hiv;capacity building intervention;government decision makers;informal economic activity;funding mechanism;traditional apprenticeship;tranche release;health expenditure;crop marketing;rapid assessment;domestic credit;agricultural service;financial market;aids risk;government expenditure;adjustment program;banking system;donor effort;african universities;informal credit;environmental degradation;monetary policy;contract enforcement;Basic Education;arm length;academic sector;informal mechanism;financial resource;medium firms;legal institution;gender barrier;scientific field;skill development;research agenda;government authority;public confidence;pricing system;cost fuel;urban agricultural policy;skill need;distribution company;government regulation;price control;interregional cooperation;agriculture policy;public private;retail sale;effective systems;informal finance;livestock research;research effort;personal loan;subsistence farming;agricultural potential;research methodology;institutional barrier;staff development;credit market;marginal areas;performance incentive;government interference;managerial accountability;donor aid;institutional objectives;transport organization;Rural Poor;microenterprise sector;farming system;apprenticeship system;indigenous institution;arable farming;local researcher;bureaucratic control;credit constraint;research program;market linkage;Financial Sector;adequate provision;external agencies;survey results;size distribution;informal moneylenders;savings society;informal channel;information cost;legal system;commercial bank;indigenous enterprise;overdraft facility;short-term loan;food import;Exchange Rates;cooperative banking;farm input;horticulture sector;income generation;monetary instrument;business transaction;formal contracts;industrial activity;large business;Contracting Mechanism;written contract;core service;hybrid maize;management efficiency;laboratory use;recurrent budgets;income generation activities;commercial farm;advance payment;short-term credit;oil company;transit costs;competitive bidding;internal distribution;study including;Management Systems;working capital;oil companies;high transport;downstream petroleum;limited resources;open market;initial investment;energy conservation;export earning;crop husbandry;alumni associations;comparative advantage;business skill;university finance;educational quality;cost center;university management;export earnings;university funding;University Affairs;university reform;funding program;governance reform;Salary Scales;credit arrangement



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Birks, Steve blair, Robert D. D. Speirs, Mike olsen, ole Spurling, Andrew Moeller, Philip W. Serageldin, I. Elmendorf, A. E. El-Tijani, E. Roseberry, Wendy

Petroleum supply reforms could yield huge savings (and other briefs) (English). Africa Region findings ; no. 2 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.