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Niger - Current economic position and development prospects (Vol. 3) : Le secteur agricole (annexes) (French)

Agriculture is the principal activity in Niger, but, because of repeated drought, its contribution to GDP has steadily declined. Industry plays a relatively modest role. The bulk of manufacturing consists of agro industries. High transport costs have resulted from an undeveloped transportation system and the long distances within the country as well as to the nearest seaports. Education is among the most fundamental and most difficult problems facing the government. Merchandise exports grew rapidly between 1968-72, and the external public debt has remained quite manageable. Through 1971-72, Niger was able to generate increasing budgetary savings, but 1974 will probably end with a deficit, and, when capital expenditures are taken into account, the current surpluses turn into deficits. The outcome for 1975 will essentially depend on the amount and distribution of rainfall in 1974. Strategy for the long term should be based on the agricultural sector aiming towards adequate food supplies and development of exports. Other projects should be in support of this. Three basic programs are suggested four, large-scale rural development operations; an irrigation program; and a livestock development program.




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Niger - Current economic position and development prospects (Vol. 3) : Le secteur agricole (annexes) (French). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.