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Poland - Systematic Country Diagnostic : Toward a Strategic, Effective, and Accountable State (English)

The pathway to shared prosperity in Poland is built around growth, inclusion, and sustainability objectives, but success will ultimately depend on a more strategic, effective, and accountable state. Poland has done remarkably well, boasting strong growth over three decades. Looking forward, this Systemic Country Diagnostic (SCD) argues that a new level of sophistication is required to meet the challenges of a rapidly aging population and evolving global economy. This includes developing a more strategic, effective, and accountable state that can facilitate a strong consensus around consistent policies to foster growth, inclusion, and sustainability. Continued productivity growth will depend on Poland’s ability to transition to an innovation-led growth model. This transition, in turn, will require improved consistency and commitment to sound policies, as well as improved coordination between the public and private sectors. Demographic trends make it critical for Poland to invest in its people, ensuring that everyone can participate and benefit from growth. To that end, policies must be consistent—both across sectors and between local and national government institutions—such that every person has equal opportunity, participates in the labor market, and is able to move to where they are most productive. To grow sustainably, a new social consensus will be needed to confront difficult trade-offs between the needs of an aging population and the associated fiscal costs. Similarly, Poland will need to weigh the fiscal and economic costs of transitioning to a low-emissions economy against the social and environmental costs associated with business as usual. Consensus will be needed to ensure consistency of policies around agreed-upon principles, commitment to staying the course, coordination across all stakeholders, and cooperation from the private sector based on trust in government.


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    Systematic Country Diagnostic

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    Europe and Central Asia,

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    Poland - Systematic Country Diagnostic : Toward a Strategic, Effective, and Accountable State

  • Keywords

    Program for International Student;global database of share prosperity;information and communication technology;small and medium enterprise;equal opportunity in education;world development indicator;old-age dependency ratio;gross fixed capital formation;real gross domestic product;Primary and Secondary Education;inequality in life expectancy;access to health care;access to labor market;labor force participation;productivity growth;place of residence;Labor Market Flexibility;foreign direct investment;personal income tax;total factor productivity;social protection system;general government expenditure;product market competition;labor market participation;Promoting Private Sector;higher education institution;operations and maintenance;product market regulation;education and health;access to finance;long-term care facilities;female labor force;land use law;health care system;access to care;literacy and numeracy;Research and Innovation;business enterprise sector;Public Administration Reform;reduction in poverty;long-term fiscal sustainability;purchasing power parity;increase in inequality;higher education sector;national government agency;improvement of road;capacity of household;trade and transportation;capital market development;quality and relevance;returns to capital;long-term care spending;forms of employment;accessibility by road;old-age pension system;climate change adaptation;public debt sustainability;flexible labor market;governance and institutions;current account balance;barriers to mobility;regulatory quality;external public debt;Air Quality Management;human capital investment;barriers to entrepreneurship;corporate governance framework;trade and investment;improvement in productivity;social and environmental;declining birth rate;water supply system;social assistance system;equality of opportunity;flexibility of employment;Early childhood education;cost of access;employment in agriculture;adult learning opportunity;flexible work arrangement;total labor force;inequality of opportunity;financial sector development;venture capital investment;social security contribution;digital technology;value added tax;Job Vacancies;comparator country;aging population;demographic change;social consensus;environmental sustainability;poverty headcount;income growth;tax-benefit system;inclusive growth;program leader;part-time employment;technological change;demographic challenge;worker protection;married couple;public finance;local actors;rural population;demographic trend;removing barriers;scarce resource;strategic approach;lagging region;property right;labor productivity;old population;old-age pensioner;worker mobility;pension spending;advanced country;investment rate;public expenditure;Fiscal policies;government revenue;fiscal policy;government sector;labor contract;productive sector;Health Service;morbidity rate;technological improvement;income inequality;education provider;increased demand;education outcome;science score;agriculture sector;reform scenario;public arena;increasing share;working-age population;primary energy;competitive economy;Rural Sector;care service;increase productivity;elderly dependents;contingent liabilities;contingent liability;net wage;university graduate;rural location;elderly care;redistributive impact;judicial system;natural result;transfer income;positive externality;scarce water;climate adaptation;budgetary discipline;social sustainability;fiscal resource;safe environment;agricultural land;student enrollment;long-term strategy;infrastructure connectivity;migration pattern;financing transport;ambient concentration;freshwater resource;financial instrument;development policy;strategic spending;productive potential;rail infrastructure;research funding;state administration;premature death;legal framework;multiple actor;citizen engagement;conducting business;agricultural holdings;total credit;legal system;housing stock;housing affordability;adult participation;temporary contract;housing alternative



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Poland - Systematic Country Diagnostic : Toward a Strategic, Effective, and Accountable State (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.