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South Asia - Regional study on targeting systems and practices : draft policy note (English)

This policy note aims to take stock of regional experiences in the area of targeting, both in the context of government systems and the World Bank's operational work, in South Asia. The main objectives are to review targeting systems and practices in the context of government programs; to critically review the role for and impact of targeting in the WB's operational work; and to extract lessons that can be used to deepen the relevance and impact of the WB's operational work in South Asia. The evidence presented in this note will serve as a resource for those interested in and/or planning some work on targeting related work in the region. In this sense, by presenting information on both country systems and performance of WB-led work, the note targets both practitioners and managers. The analysis focuses first on the architecture of targeting systems in South Asia, and on the determinants of targeting effectiveness, including the choice and design of the targeting tool, implementation and monitoring of the targeting tool, and the design, implementation and monitoring of the targeted program. The note concludes that international evidence a large fraction of the observed differences in targeting effectiveness across systems and programs, can be attributed to factors related to implementation and monitoring. This implies that investments aimed at correcting resource, capacity and logistic limitations in government systems could go a long way in improving targeting outcomes in the region.


  • Author

    Sanchez-Paramo, Carolina Vasudeva Dutta, Puja Ghorpade, Yashodhan

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  • Document Type

    Policy Note

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country

    South Asia,

  • Region

    South Asia,

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  • Doc Name

    South Asia - Regional study on targeting systems and practices : draft policy note

  • Keywords

    target system;operational work;Cash for Work Program;high error of exclusion;effectiveness of government programs;targeting tool;safety net program;targeted program;government system;Proxy Means Tests;quality at entry;public works program;gdp growth rate;reduction in poverty;international good practice;school feeding program;tight fiscal situation;increase in inequality;safety net system;impact of investments;food for education;impact of shock;analytical and advisory;targeted social program;basic social service;cash transfer program;subsidized health insurance;household and individual;formal banking system;eligibility for benefits;world development indicator;public health care;national poverty line;access to food;benefit to society;difference in income;education and health;social security program;means testing;regional targeting;database management;geographic targeting;administrative capacity;social pension;categorical targeting;grievance redressal;social context;vulnerable group;universal provision;targeted intervention;demonstration effect;workfare program;target social;political costs;geographical targeting;monitoring arrangement;budget envelope;administrative cost;Country Systems;poverty dynamic;participatory approach;target practice;disaster relief;coverage rate;integrated system;poor household;secondary sources;household characteristic;incentive cost;behavioral change;eligibility determination;limited resources;social care;targeting performance;Rural Credit;Social Protection;inclusive growth;regional experience;food subsidies;



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Sanchez-Paramo, Carolina Vasudeva Dutta, Puja Ghorpade, Yashodhan

South Asia - Regional study on targeting systems and practices : draft policy note (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.