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Local governance matters : exploring changes in district education governance and management (English)

Decentralization reforms introduced in the early 2000s have shifted the responsibility for education service provision to local governments. In 2003, the Government of Indonesia's education law outlined the roles and functions in the education sector of each level of government. Districts were responsible for the overall organization of primary and secondary education and the hiring and deployment of teachers. Education performance across districts in Indonesia varies enormously. While disparities in the quality of education services between districts have been narrowing there are still significant differences. The local education governance survey set out to assess the quality of governance in 50 districts across Indonesia. The survey provided an assessment that helped identify weaknesses in local capacity that could be strengthened through support from the Basic Education Capacity (BEC) program. The follow-up survey in 2012 was intended to assess how local governance had changed as well as to see if capacity had been strengthened in the areas supported by the BEC program. This brief provides a description of the preliminary findings from the survey and highlights the main changes in education governance that have occurred between 2009 and 2012. A fuller report looking in detail at how governance changes have affected education performance is also under preparation. The Indonesian local education governance survey provides a comprehensive tool to measure the quality of local governance. Given the important role local governments play in the delivery of basic education services it is crucial that the capacity and effectiveness of local governance is monitored on a periodic basis. The more comprehensive report will provide further insights into the status of local governance and contribute to efforts by local governments to raise the quality and narrow inequality in their education systems.


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    East Asia and Pacific,

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    Local governance matters : exploring changes in district education governance and management

  • Keywords

    management control system;local decisionmaking process;participation in decision making;local decision making process;quality of education;improvements in access;area of governance;Education Governance;central government action;primary school principal;secondary enrolment rate;junior secondary school;school development plan;basic education provision;performance based budgeting;basic education service;national teacher certification;high poverty rate;budget process;Education Services;governance environment;education performance;local planning;public resource;stock inventory;proxy indicator;education budget;education council;education enrolment;expenditure framework;reporting procedure;household survey;monitoring progress;education indicator;collected information;process management;education capacity;government capacity;government play;budget planning;intergovernmental transfer;education outcome;quality information;management knowledge;incentive system;district performance;university degree;accountability institution;education personnel;local economy;education standard;average score;examination score;individual indicator;weighted average;stock exchange;good procurement;simple average;high performance;index value;participatory governance;local capacity;learning level;pedagogical support;development partner;local parliament;governance survey;community base;audit reporting;budget priority;information transparency;annual budget;community budget;



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Local governance matters : exploring changes in district education governance and management (English). Knowledge brief Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.