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Mitigating the Impact of COVID-19 and Strengthening Health Systems in the Middle East and North Africa (English)

Almost every country in the Middle East and North Africa (MNA) region is faced with the increasing significant burden imposed by Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) on their health systems. The focus thus far has been on executing emergency interventions to prevent, detect, and respond to the COVID-19 epidemic. COVID-19 models for MNA countries indicate that the epidemic is far from its peak, indicating the emergency will remain for the foreseeable future and result in a reduction in demand for essential non-COVID-19 health services. MNA countries have a wide range of at-risk populations, which necessitate a longer-term, health system-wide approach to managing the COVID-19 pandemic in addition to the emergency projects prepared. This note describes the impact of COVID-19 on the health systems of countries in the MNA region as well as ways to mitigate this impact. It presents options to mitigate this impact, across relief, response, and recovery phases. This note presents a starting point for discussions across the region for priority health system strengthening areas.

Details

  • Author

    Duran,Denizhan, Menon,Rekha

  • Document Date

    2020/07/28

  • Document Type

    Report

  • Report Number

    151211

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Middle East and North Africa,

  • Region

    Middle East and North Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2020/07/28

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Mitigating the Impact of COVID-19 and Strengthening Health Systems in the Middle East and North Africa

  • Keywords

    maternal and child health services; access to primary health care; global health; Out of Pocket Spending; quality health care service; quality of service delivery; health management information systems; Infection Prevention and Control; access to health service; primary health care system; Pharmaceutical Pricing and Reimbursement; quality of care; community health worker; Health Workers; health information system; continuity of service; essential health services; health technology assessment; reductions in demand; continuity of care; Health Service Delivery; health facility; immunization of child; informal sector employment; Public Financial Management; health system management; investments in population; contracting for health; public health finance; Health System Strengthening; potential of innovation; human capital formation; procurement and distribution; health insurance scheme; income due; informal sector worker; Internally Displaced People; maternal health service; external reference pricing; personal protective equipment; family medicine system; access to water; public health system; burden of disease; per capita expenditure; capacity of country; private service delivery; health and nutrition; access to food; infection control practice; availability of water; indicators of health; delivery of service; health sector financing; point of care; public health insurance; risk of morbidity; governance and institutions; Secondary Health Care; national health management; diagnosis and treatment; improved water source; point of entry; health worker training; demand for health; supply chain; case management; health systems; government budget; primary care; fiscal space; physical resources; hospital capacity; family health; adaptive response; significant challenge; vulnerable group; increased demand; conflict settings; social distance; health health; data system; risk pool; Mental health; treatment services; social need; other sectors; domestic production; medical equipment; epidemiological surveillance; disease burden; public hospital; essential services; essential medicines; strategic purchasing; prescription practices; in hospital; behavior change; service capacity; adaptive mechanisms; systematic analysis; specific capacity; early warning; disease study; hospital bed; procurement management; primary healthcare; delivery facilities; chronic condition; food insecurity; utilization rate; disabled people; hospital level; private provider; patient visits; community partner; first wave; infrastructure sector; community perceptions; community engagement; geographic equity; healthcare worker; Sanitation Services; physical barrier; peak demand; cholera vaccine; home base; vulnerable communities; good governance; pregnant woman; The Disabled; provider payment; remote area; financing fund; impact intervention; benefit package; financial effectiveness; digital innovation; base budget; psychosocial support; short-term intervention; reform process; government priority; emergency need; block grant; health workforce; health training; low density; skill mix; emergency action; geographic distribution; work environment; universal health; medical doctor; community outreach; measure of support; primary sector; medical supply; humanitarian crisis; laboratory reagents; primary service; health interventions; preparedness capacity; pharmaceutical spending; noncommunicable diseases; case detection; preparedness plan; secondary facility; raise revenues; economic shock; fiscal constraint; communication services; education activity; community mobilization; laboratory services; curative care; capita figure; Reproductive Health; financial protection; government health; low share; Public Spending; public expenditure; finance reform; improved service; referral system; health morbidity; Displaced Population; health protection; gender inequalities; Gender Inequality; care model; limited capacity; pricing mechanism; high mortality; social demand; equitable access

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Citation

Duran,Denizhan Menon,Rekha

Mitigating the Impact of COVID-19 and Strengthening Health Systems in the Middle East and North Africa (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/903861595914276418/Mitigating-the-Impact-of-COVID-19-and-Strengthening-Health-Systems-in-the-Middle-East-and-North-Africa