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Empowering Indonesian communities through developing infrastructure services (Russian)

This Results Profile talks about empowering Indonesian communities through developing infrastructure services. In 1998, Indonesia faced political upheaval and financial crisis. The country was marred by its graft-ridden political and administrative systems and poverty had increased tremendously. Non-income poverty was a serious problem in terms of high malnutrition and maternal mortality rates, inadequate access to safe water and sanitation, and education outcomes. Furthermore, inequality was increasing and disparities between regions remained high. Poverty alleviation had become a priority for Indonesia. To accelerate government efforts to reduce poverty and to ensure equity and inclusiveness, National Program for Community Empowerment Program named Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (PNPM), was announced by the government. With technical and financial assistance from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the PNPM became a national program covering all villages and cities in the country. PNPM Urban and PNPM Rural Programs have built or rehabilitated over 62,000 kilometers of roads, 11,000 clean water supply units, 11,000 irrigation schemes, 6,500 kilometers of drainage, 17,500 village health posts and 10,000 new schools. Community participation in PNPM-Rural and PNPM-Urban is high. Also small poverty-reduction initiatives were be folded into the PNPM to make programming at the community level more streamlined, coordinated and responsive to beneficiaries’ needs.


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    East Asia and Pacific,

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    Empowering Indonesian communities through developing infrastructure services

  • Keywords

    real per capita consumption;participation of woman;public expenditure for health;access to safe water;clean water supply;maternal mortality rate;infrastructure and services;kilometers of road;provision of service;direct participation;national poverty line;Escape from poverty;Small Medium Enterprise;industry and trade;community participation;vulnerable group;education outcome;equivalent work;government contract;urban ward;community level;Equal Opportunity;indonesian rupiah;domestic currencies;financial crisis;political upheaval;poverty alleviation;community empowerment;rural village;government effort;creating job;irrigation scheme;health post;household expenditure;home affairs;estimate impact;vulnerable household;poor household;



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Empowering Indonesian communities through developing infrastructure services (Russian). Results Profile Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.