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Innovative Tokyo (English)

This paper compares and contrasts Tokyo's innovation structure with the industrial districts model and the international hub model in the literature on urban and regional development. The Tokyo model embraces and yet transcends both industrial districts and international hub models. The paper details key elements making up the Tokyo model-organizational knowledge creation, integral and co-location systems of corporate R&D and new product development, test markets, industrial districts and clusters, participative consumer culture, continuous learning from abroad, local government policies, the national system of innovation, and the historical genesis of Tokyo in Japan's political economy. The paper finds that the Tokyo model of innovation will continue to evolve with the changing external environment, but fundamentally retains its main characteristics. The lessons from the Tokyo model is that openness, a diversified industrial base, the continuing development of new industries, and an emphasis on innovation, all contribute to the dynamism of a major metropolitan region.

Details

  • Author

    Child Hill, Richard Fujita, Kumiko

  • Document Date

    2005/02/01

  • Document Type

    Policy Research Working Paper

  • Report Number

    WPS3507

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Japan,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Doc Name

    Innovative Tokyo

  • Keywords

    Manufacturing;international hub;national system of innovation;access to international market;global information and communication;access to government fund;fluctuations in exchange rates;industrial district;division of labor;organizational knowledge creation;sources of innovation;large urban centers;conversion of knowledge;national innovation system;innovation and growth;place of work;flow of information;national land policy;central business district;method of production;integration of technology;factor of production;center of gravity;electrical machinery industry;exchange of information;disparity in income;creating new product;share of employment;high growth markets;central government agency;bank of japan;internationalization of production;Merger and Acquisitions;Science and Technology;engine of growth;small scale production;approach to innovation;separation of functions;high technology industry;local government policy;foreign direct investment;education and health;urban core;central city;local production;corporate headquarters;explicit knowledge;mass production;comparative advantage;transistor radio;innovation network;global market;metropolitan area;urban system;product cycle;world economy;continuous innovation;localization economies;production process;large corporation;central state;patent application;world market;artificial heart;administrative guidance;metropolitan region;basic technology;concurrent engineering;commercial innovation;production network;technological invention;production system;productivity growth;wage level;finished product;development policy;Cross functional;high concentration;production technology;total employment;transnational corporation;innovative company;international competition;innovative success;world demand;international exchange;land price;manufacturing companies;raw material;manufacturing plant;transaction cost;urban hierarchy;production facility;cognitive dimension;precision instrument;scale economy;product variety;urban agglomeration;Political Economy;niche market;city core;production plants;functional integration;Transport Machinery;agglomeration theory;manufacturing jobs;manufacturing industry;external trade;urban region;social stability;electronics industry;oil pump;successful innovation;international client;precision equipment;continuous change;high pressure;local industrial;overseas markets;manufactured goods;advanced technology;International Trade;trade service;technological advancement;manufacturing systems;accepted model;special tax;empirical research;consumer research;university campuses;international investment;applied science;blood clots;increased integration;local area;increased function;consumer demand;parent company;largest firms;Global Operations;business service;domestic competitive;multinational company;assembly line;multinational companies;industrial machinery;ancient times;local branch;capital good;global learning;quarterly dividend;trade center;global economy;auto industry;government research;manufacturing technology;Industrial Policy;process innovation;Industrial Policies;market network;urban transport;production efficiency;equipment improvement;manufacturing production;prime sites;test marketing;social relationship;sales worker;small manufacturing;young people;public policy;educated workforce;water trade;high reliability;manufacturing sector;corporate philosophy;market base;market orientation;mission statement;standing committee;technology push;technical innovation;industrial growth;scientific formula;manufacturing equipment;manufacturing process;small area;consumer electronics;technology innovation;product quality;industrial research;battery life;job description;educational background;living organism;process information;mental model;technical component;business practice;knowledge component;universal principle;hearing aid;population size;economic diversity;industrial innovation;home production;tacit dimension;market innovation;profitable business;radio station

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Citation

Child Hill, Richard Fujita, Kumiko

Innovative Tokyo (English). Policy Research working paper series ; no WPS 3507 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/911581468771722302/Innovative-Tokyo