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Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP) Annual Report 1998 (English)

This annual report covers the calendar 1998 activities of the Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP), jointly sponsored by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank. The report provides an introduction to ESMAP activities, followed by detailed discussions on ESMAP operations: 1) overall energy sector reforms; 2) Energy trade, comprising electricity, primary energy/products, and, biomass/renewables trade; 3) Energy and the environment, reviewing clean air initiatives, and environmental and social impact of hydrocarbon development, among others; 4) energy efficiency; 5) renewable energy; and, 6) rural and peri-urban household energy, focusing on specific applications. The report provides insights regarding on-going and new projects, and publications and Internet web site. As customary, the report contains data on ESMAP Consultative Group and activities during calendar 1998. The financial position of the Programme is reviewed, providing further information on core and thematic funding, on a new agreement underway with Norway, with a contribution expected by 1999. The Netherlands contributed the total of thematic contributions in 1998, initiating three new umbrella thematic funds, the non-conventional energy fund for Africa, end-use efficiency fund, and fossil energy/environment fund.


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    Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP) Annual Report 1998

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    Energy;access to energy service;upstream oil and gas;barter payment for energy;delivery of energy service;retail supply of energy;Oil and Gas Sector;oil and gas exploration;agency for international development;clean air initiative;legal and regulatory framework;privatization of power distribution;employee share ownership plan;gas transmission and distribution;project design and implementation;Energy Sector Reform;Oil &Gas;independent power producer;national oil company;power sector reform;technical assistance program;demand for energy;renewable energy product;cost of supply;field of energy;sale of asset;series of workshops;equitable tax regime;means of transportation;national power utility;mode of transport;forms of energy;gas supply contract;finance and markets;household energy consumption;benefits of competition;implementation of reform;state owned company;loss of biomass;distribution of responsibility;international gas trade;international oil company;source of energy;energy sector policy;benefit to consumer;private sector ownership;state owned enterprise;technical assistance efforts;investments in power;supply of land;sustainable energy production;multilateral development institution;regional economic growth;sustainable energy development;economies in transition;transfer of technology;national regulatory regimes;private sector financing;energy efficient practices;international energy trade;laws and regulation;natural gas industry;process of reform;impact of reforms;poor urban area;sustainable energy policy;availability of energy;private sector operation;transition economy;Transition economies;energy market;thematic area;electricity trade;rural area;market reform;power pool;remove trade;indigenous population;Gas Pipeline;natural forest;poverty alleviation;financial crisis;sector restructuring;gas resource;private donor;regulatory system;private investor;fiscal term;Power Generation;stable policy;gas flare;foreign exchange;energy resource;transmission system;geographic area;power trade;gas demand;disposable income;adequate services;environmental issue;energy need;dollar term;fuelwood use;political trust;private company;environmental damage;Natural Resources;transmission network;portfolio review;regional electricity;traditional fuel;electricity utilities;gas producer;social regulation;agency system;market development;regulatory side;privatization strategy;gas investment;environmental liability;human life;affected population;premature death;brick makers;urban household;field visits;fiscal situation;pulmonary infection;Power Market;primary energy;power utilities;energy price;gas market;strategic advice;hydro plant;commodity trade;rational use;knowledge gap;tax collection;cost of energy production;local partner;market player;efficiency gain;petroleum operations;cultural impact;electricity pool;riparian country;management tool;policy formulation;employee ownership;central coordinating;distribution activity;fuelwood collection;wood production;environmental situation;sample survey;private investment;operations center;Conflict Resolution;unfair advantage;international contract;transmission access;wood species;electric line;generating capacity;participating country;national boundary;electricity producer;market mechanism;national utility;fuel switching;wood trade;regional power;urban energy;urban setting;environmental degradation;solar electricity;solar equipment;financing arrangement;rural bank;foregone income;Health cost;social cost;Program of Activities;brain development;targeting program;world energy;living standard;affordable supply;institutional resource;environment policy;wood producers;forest burning;interested stakeholders;non-governmental organization;lead elimination;liquefied gas;gas sale;privatization effort;energy industry;profit motive;financial viability;deleterious impact;life expectancy;financial result;gas companies;institutional aspect;energy source;Gas Distribution;financing mechanism;core sector;carbon emission



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Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP) Annual Report 1998 (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.