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Tunisia - Economic development plan : Main report (English)

The transition from a French Protectorate to an independent Tunisiahas been remarkably smooth. Since independence in 1956, Tunisia has becomepolitically stable with a dominant party led by the President, Habib Bourguiba. Economic growth from World War II to Tunisian independence in 1956 hasbeen only a little faster than the expansion in population; substantial publicinvestment went into strengthening the country's infrastructure while privateinvestment remained small. To utilize under-employed and unemployed labor the government launched,in 1958, a large-scale relief program utilizing the workers to change the faceof the country in afforestation and erosion-control works. By 1960, otherpublic investment also was substantially stepped-up and confidence of privateinvestors was reestablished. Against this background - and rising pressure from the labor side - thegovernment decided to start with a determined effort to accelerate economicgrowth through a comprehensive public investment pro-ram and policies toutilize fully the country's social and economic resources. "Perspectives" is the prior document in time and logic: it laysdown four main objectives for the country's social, political and economicdevelopment during the decade 1962-1971: (a) decolonization, (b) promotionof man, (c) reform of structures, and (d) independence of (net) foreign resources.These broad objectives are intended to be achieved by substantiallyincreased investment and savings efforts. The Three-Year Plan is not a "paper plan": a systematic and basicallypragmatic effort is being made throughout the country to implement it. Muchof the Plan is on schedule; most delays are in the sectors where a main problemis fundamental transformation of the economy. By the end of the Plan,in 1964, major changes will have been introduced in the Tunisian economy.Agriculture will be in a period of experimentation; industries will have beenimplanted. But most important, the training of people will be greatly advanced.


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  • Document Type

    Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report

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  • Region

    Middle East and North Africa,

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  • Doc Name

    Main report

  • Keywords

    Agriculture;minimum age of marriage for girl;rate of population growth;average per capita consumption;investor of last resort;reliance on foreign;balance of payment;agriculture and industry;fruit and vegetable;per capita income;rate of investment;standard of living;Oil & Gas;Oil and Gas;gross domestic product;financing of investment;rate of growth;primary school age;term capital;income and expenditure;foreign exchange receipts;degree of sophistication;private industrial enterprise;rs in millions july;Diversification of Production;work relief program;french franc area;demand for import;reform of commerce;management of enterprise;external public debt;debt service problem;investments in agriculture;abolition of slavery;foreign oil company;debt service burden;income tax deduction;share of resource;growth of traffic;agricultural extension service;investment in mining;labor intensive industry;primary school level;source of energy;electric power industry;economic development plan;complicated tax system;currency in circulation;employment in agriculture;labor intensive production;agricultural labor force;allocation of fund;imports of textiles;flight of capital;increases in output;tax on payroll;shortage of funds;production of power;foreign private capital;public investment program;trained labor force;sale of products;raw material;iron ore;domestic saving;steel mill;private investment;gross investment;net investment;banking system;agricultural production;agricultural output;fruit tree;income elasticity;private saving;textile industry;capital budget;administrative building;mediterranean countries;private investor;phosphate rock;crop year;postal checking;chemical industry;food industry;trade union;subsistence agriculture;unemployed labor;extension worker;increased investment;sector programs;traditional economy;cereal production;government plan;output growth;saving rate;production target;marginal savings;import substitution;oil refinery;metal industry;basic foodstuff;net capital;coastal area;modern economy;capital expenditure;manufacturing sector;engineering study;ferry boat;inflationary finance;local source;foreign management;marginal rate;foreign tourist;money supply;intermediate consumption;foreign market;employment potential;industry sector;public finance;food processing;gross value;mining industry;government control;agricultural engineer;ammonium phosphate;industrial investment;managerial skill;industrial center;diesel plant;coastal city;financial resource;investment outlay;investment priority;transmission line;telephone network;investment target;rural area;agricultural infrastructure;agricultural structure;political independence;social structure;current expenditure;Investment priorities;Equal Opportunity;consumer expenditure;industrial process;annual output;public power;middle school;building material;inflationary pressure;young men;professional group;tunisian dinar;light industry;capital account;Economic Policy;human beings;



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Tunisia - Economic development plan : Main report (English). Africa series,no. AF 8 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.