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Africa Region - Great Lakes Initiative (GLIA) Support Project : environmental and social management framework (Vol. 2) : Policy framework for compensation (English)

This Environmental and Social Management Framework for the Great Lakes Initiative Support Project in Africa constitutes an environmental and social screening process, which will help project implementers to identify, assess, and mitigate potential environmental and social impacts of project activities, including medical waste, at the planning stage. Impacts and control measures for health care centers include: Provide containers and protective equipment and training for workers to minimize exposure to hazardous waste. Conduct a wide awareness program on risks and impacts of hazardous health care waste, and store this waste in containers, and transport it to a municipal disposal site to reduce cuts and infection spreading, odors, smoke and air pollutants from open burning, and visual impacts. Carefully plan and select waste disposal sites. Ensure proper covering, drainage control, and run-off management for storage areas to reduce surface and ground water contamination. Assess ecology of disease carriers in area of planned facility and employ mitigation measures. Mitigation measures for rural water supply and sanitation include water conservation, locating sites so as to avoid land use conflicts, ensuring sufficient community participation and organization for managing the water supply system, and developing water supply sources. Test water for fitness regularly. Minimize contamination and disease through planning and training, drainage, monitoring, and locating source from latrines, septic systems, traditional defecating areas, and animal pens. Maintain equipment. Proposed mitigations related to solid waste management include careful site selection with buffer zones, encouraging home composting, building a disposal facility, locating landfills where the underlying soil is relatively impermeable, where the bottom of the landfill is above the water table, away and down gradient from surface waters and groundwater recharge areas. Maintain erosion control and avoid fragile ecosystems to protect natural sites and wilderness areas, and areas with significant biodiversity.

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    Executive Secretariat

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    Environmental Assessment

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    Policy framework for compensation

  • Keywords

    participation of local community;lump sum cash payment;Resettlement Policy Framework;health human resource planning;northern corridor road;financial and procurement management;affected persons;resettlement action plan;payment of compensation;involuntary resettlement;Internally Displaced People;source income;refugee camp;negative social impacts;grievance redress mechanism;source of income;claim on land;national aids secretariat;valuation of asset;number of refugees;compensation in cash;compensation for loss;hiv prevalence rate;world health organization;compensation for land;civil society network;civil society institution;economies of scale;acquisition of land;loss of livelihood;loss of income;access to asset;loss of asset;social and environmental;compensation of loss;community health worker;Social Impact Assessment;cost of land;sum of money;standard of living;HIV and AIDS;list of property;legislation in force;replacement value;market price;compensation plan;replacement cost;public good;displaced person;land acquisition;affected population;property owner;compensation procedure;resettlement assistance;legal framework;



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Executive Secretariat

Africa Region - Great Lakes Initiative (GLIA) Support Project : environmental and social management framework (Vol. 2) : Policy framework for compensation (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.