Providing effective and efficient infrastructure underpins all attempts to reduce poverty. Trade is the engine of economic growth, and reliable and efficient transport is essential for successful trade. Transport is needed to facilitate production and exchanges, enable farmers to produce and bring their products to markets, and provide the basis for private investment. The poor state of transport infrastructure impedes Africa's development and obstructs poverty reduction. One of the main reasons for the poor performance in transport has been inadequate institutional incentives for improving infrastructure and infrastructure services. To promote responsive service delivery, incentives need to be changed through commercial management, competition, and user involvement. Establishing a new culture in developing Africa's transport infrastructure will therefore be critical. This involves a learning process that leads to a paradigm shift in governments' understanding of their role in transport provision. Global experience has proven that good infrastructure is a prerequisite to the massive private investment that is so badly needed in Africa. Thus, even if the public sector could manage transport infrastructure effectively, the private sector will be increasingly asked to finance it. Changing the culture of transport infrastructure provision will demand an increasing role for the private sector.
Developper les transports en Afrique : Un secteur en pleine mutation
autonomy, Banks, borrowing, capital flows, central governments, Conservation, corruption, Decentralization, economic growth, financial institutions, financing sources, infrastructure services, institutional incentives, local finance, local government, local governments, national budgets, ports, private sector, private sector participation, privatization, project finance, property rights, public enterprises, public expenditure, public expenditure reviews, public goods, public partnerships, public sector, publicprivate partnerships, regulatory environment, regulatory framework, Revenue sources, roads, service delivery, social capital, subnational governments, technical assistance, transparency, Transport
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Transport Practice Group (AFTTR)
Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)
Developing Africa's transport : Developper les transports en Afrique : Un secteur en pleine mutation (French). Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP) technical note Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/936271468740130275/Developper-les-transports-en-Afrique-Un-secteur-en-pleine-mutation