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The State of Access to Modern Energy Cooking Services (English)

Progress towards ensuring access to modern cooking solutions, a key component to achieving Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG 7), has been slow. Today, 2.8 billion people globally still cook with traditional polluting fuels and technologies, costing the world more than 2.4 trillion dollars each year, driven by adverse impacts on health (1.4 trillion dollars), climate (0.2 trillion dollars), and women (0.8 trillion dollars from lost productivity). Solutions to tackle this pressing development challenge must prioritize user preferences and local cooking contexts to address longstanding barriers to the adoption of modern cooking solutions. The report finds that four billion people around the world still lack access to clean, efficient, convenient, safe, reliable, and affordable cooking energy. To achieve universal access to modern energy cooking services (MECS) by 2030, it calls for actions to prioritize MECS access in global and national arenas, formalize cooking energy demand in national energy planning, and dramatically scale up public and private financing.


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    ESMAP Paper

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    The World Region,

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    The State of Access to Modern Energy Cooking Services

  • Keywords

    Gender-Based Violence; Demographic and Health Survey; investment need; number of people without access; measure of use; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; primary cooking fuel; indoor air quality; billion people; energy for all; modern energy service; liquefied petroleum gas; national policy making; burning fossil fuel; value-added tax; service and infrastructure; participation of stakeholder; privileges and immunity; burden of disease; countries in transition; initial capital cost; national energy planning; local market condition; liquefied natural gas; Access to Energy; analytical and advisory; energy investment policy; Solar Home System; economies of scale; global value chain; errors of fact; availability of fuel; household energy use; acute respiratory infection; clean fuel; Population Growth; traditional stove; development partner; results-based financing; global population; household access; solid fuel



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The State of Access to Modern Energy Cooking Services (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.