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Energizing Myanmar : enhancing access to sustainable energy for all (English)

Myanmar has the opportunity to significantly enhance energy access, starting from a situation where energy consumption per capita is among the lowest in the world. Two-thirds of the population is not connected to the national electricity grid, and 84 percent of rural households lack access to electricity. The lack of affordable and reliable power is a key constraint to the delivery of vital services such as health, education and finance for rural populations, and for private sector development and job creation more broadly. Also, access to modern fuels for cooking (such as liquefied petroleum gas) is limited to urban areas. Consequently, traditional biomass (wood and animal dung) is widely used and accounts for about 70 percent of primary energy consumption. The Government’s National Electrification Plan aims to electrify more than 7 million households and achieve access to electricity for 36 million people by 2030. Achieving this objective (which is also the UN SDG7 in Myanmar) is vital to poverty reduction and shared prosperity.


  • Author

    Ostojic,Dejan R., Chavapricha,Rome, Wang,Xiaoping, Lee,Alan David, Myint,Myoe

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  • Document Type

    Working Paper

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  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

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  • Doc Name

    Energizing Myanmar : enhancing access to sustainable energy for all

  • Keywords

    Sustainable Energy for All;Access to Electricity;public-private partnership;enhancing access;energy and power;financial viability of service providers;electrification program;energy specialist;Power Generation;cost of gas;Hydropower;vulnerable consumer;reliability of energy supply;Environmental and Social Impact;asian financial crisis;Private Sector Growth;Electricity Market;Electricity Tariff Structure;power distribution sector;protection of consumer;power sector development;renewable energy development;energy sector development;public private partnership;liquefied petroleum gas;energy pricing policy;independent regulatory agency;energy master plan;national electricity grid;adjustment of tariff;state economic enterprise;international accounting standard;lack of predictability;primary energy consumption;investments in power;transmission and distribution;barriers to investment;renewable energy planning;sustainable engineering;sustainable development path;high voltage transmission;cost of electricity;public consultation;social safeguard;subsidy scheme;public resource;sustainable electricity;installed capacity;distribution loss;energy policies;private developer;secondary legislation;power utilities;competitive bidding;Electric Power;abundant energy;power utility;local contractor;



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Ostojic,Dejan R. Chavapricha,Rome Wang,Xiaoping Lee,Alan David Myint,Myoe

Energizing Myanmar : enhancing access to sustainable energy for all (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.