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Seaweed aquaculture for food security, income generation and environmental health in Tropical Developing Countries (English)

To meet carbon emissions targets, more than 30 countries have committed to boosting production of renewable resources from biological materials andconvert them into products such as food, animal feedand bioenergy. In a post-fossil-fuel world, an increasingproportion of chemicals, plastics, textiles, fuels and electricity will have to come from biomass, which takesup land. To maintain current consumption trends theworld will also need to produce 50–70 percent more foodby 2050, increasingly under drought conditions and onpoor soils. Depending on bioenergy policies, biomassuse is expected to continue to rise to 2030 and importsto Europe are expected to triple by 2020. Europe isforecast to import 80 million tons of solid biomass peryear by 2020. The expansion of seaweed farming in tropical developingcountries could have large positive impacts on localpoverty, ecosystem management and climate changemitigation. Being able to produce enough biomass and protein for the growing and increasingly wealthyhuman population with no new land and freshwater expropriation for agriculture would dramatically reducehumanity’s ecological footprint relative to currenttrends and projections. The growth of seaweed farming is constrained primarily by lack of proper marine spatial plans and appropriate financing. The current industry in the tropics isbased on inshore areas where multiple conflict ingusers vie for space.The need for technological improvements has consequentimplications for scale of investment, which couldbe a hindrance to many potential seaweed growers,creating space for government engagement to supportnew smaller and medium-scale entrepreneurs.Other opportunities for engagement by governmentsand international agencies committed to sustainable development include investments in transport infrastructure,storage facilities, food preparation and/or hydrocolloid extraction plants, applied researchin solar drying and biogas technology inter alia,technical training and marine spatial planning.

Details

  • Author

    Bjerregaard,Rasmus, Valderrama,Diego, Radulovich,Ricardo, Diana,James, Capron,Mark, Mckinnie,Cedric Amir, Cedric,Michael, Hopkins,Kevin, Yarish,Charles, Goudey,Clifford, Forster,John

  • Document Date

    2016/07/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    107147

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    World,

  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date

    2016/07/21

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Seaweed aquaculture for food security, income generation and environmental health in Tropical Developing Countries

  • Keywords

    data collection and analysis;Cost of Doing Business;panel for climate change;marine pollution bulletin;income generation;greenhouse gas emission;constraints to growth;international poverty line;fisheries and aquaculture;drug delivery system;impacts of pollution;technology and markets;cost of production;international energy agency;vegetable and fruit;economies of scale;full time job;maintenance and repair;proximity to market;global energy use;exclusive economic zone;global food security;global environment facility;marine capture fishery;atmospheric carbon dioxide;dry weight;fish oil;production system;farming system;high sea;coastal water;dead zone;soy meal;production cost;dry matter;nitrogen content;marine algae;consumer product;chlorophyll a;global production;phosphorous content;continental shelf;farm price;processed food;food preparation;farm-gate price;human population;technological improvement;production technology;biofuel production;working day;global impact;microbial breakdown;inshore areas;marine life;university press;ecological footprint;tropical environment;industrial chemicals;green roof;process system;annual productivity;food supply;small boat;international agency;chemical composition;nitrogen input;drug development;administrative cost;water retention;demand estimates;double bottom;air blower;algae bloom;comparative analysis;energy research;river estuary;sustainable energy;carbon intensity;in vitro;biogeochemical cycle;mass production;bioactive metabolites;world energy;fresh water;extraction plants;medicinal use;solar drying;biogas technology;Technical Training;spatial planning;storage facility;positive impact;coastal land;production capacity;open ocean;financial crisis;traditional medicine;fish feed;net return;study estimate;cost analysis;market factor;business planning;aquaculture industry;welding rod;price interest;increasing consumption;animal consumption;ecosystem productivity;algae growth;food chain;traditional use;tidal flow;poverty alleviation;temperate zone;intertidal zone;temperate areas;downward pressure;small-scale farmer;red algae;global demand;sand flats;human consumption;harvestable biomass;labor-intensive production;protein concentrate;brown algae;marine ecosystem;Pharmaceutical Industry;paper industry;nutrient retention;cost of energy production;current consumption;nutritional value;drought conditions;solid biomass;amino acid;human food;soy protein;annual harvest;liquid fuel;biological material;seaweed product;biomass price;moisture content;food intake;textile industry;high energy;excess nutrient;marine plant;farm yield;average productivity;sea area;ecosystem service;ocean surface;protein content;algal oil;beverage industry;nitrogen removal;carbon assimilation;carbon content;anthropogenic emission;global cropland;global freshwater;environmental disruption;seafood industry;lipid content;carbon emission;surface area;renewable resource;study including;national investment;intertidal areas;financing mechanism;ecosystem health;

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Citation

Bjerregaard,Rasmus Valderrama,Diego Radulovich,Ricardo Diana,James Capron,Mark Mckinnie,Cedric Amir Cedric,Michael Hopkins,Kevin Yarish,Charles Goudey,Clifford Forster,John

Seaweed aquaculture for food security, income generation and environmental health in Tropical Developing Countries (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/947831469090666344/Seaweed-aquaculture-for-food-security-income-generation-and-environmental-health-in-Tropical-Developing-Countries