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China - The Bank's assistance to China's energy sector - an OED country sector memorandum (English)

The report reviews the performance of the Bank's assistance in the energy sector in China, through four distinct periods: during 1983-88 the assistance focused on China's integration into the global economy, by removing bottlenecks to the country's accelerating economic growth, emphasizing on technology transfer, and capacity building; during transition (1991-93), the assistance aimed at consolidating the power sector, mainly on addressing resettlement issues associated with hydroelectric projects; during the power reform years (1994-97) the focus shifted to policy change, and reform, primarily in the electric power sector; and, during the diversification years (since 1998), the assistance continued, and strengthened a move beyond the power sector. Lending operations were added in energy conservation, district heating, renewable energy, and advisory activities in the oil, and gas sector. The performance of the energy portfolio in China is without equal, with all of the twenty completed projects rated satisfactory, and only one of nineteen ongoing projects rated a problem project. The energy assistance program since 1994, is rated satisfactory, with substantial institutional development, sustainable achievements, and performances by the Bank, and borrower assessed as highly satisfactory, and satisfactory, respectively. Based on the lessons learned, recommendations include the promotion of comprehensive energy planning, and a continued, balanced assistance on sub-sectoral priorities, mix of instruments, and, central vs. local dialogue.


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    IEG Evaluation

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    East Asia and Pacific,

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    China - The Bank's assistance to China's energy sector - an OED country sector memorandum

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    Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition;legal and regulatory framework;Oil and Gas Sector;rural access to electricity;economic and sector work;township and village enterprise;Independent Panel of Experts;commitment to energy efficiency;Analytical and Advisory Activities;total primary energy consumption;price petroleum product;accounting and auditing standard;emissions from power plant;ambient air quality monitoring;oil and gas pipeline;industrial energy-efficiency;upstream oil and gas;Oil & Gas;electric power sector;institutional development impact;Energy Sector;crude oil import;consumer of coal;standard of living;power sector reform;total energy consumption;coal power plant;construction and operation;power plant technology;costs of power;price of coal;central government official;degree of commitment;liquefied natural gas;national energy policy;foreign oil company;energy assistance program;energy efficiency component;introduction of competition;gas-fired power plant;retail gas price;ambient air concentration;renewable energy sector;power generation company;kv transmission line;transfer of technology;combination of factor;availability of bank;high plant capacity;energy pricing reform;pollution control equipment;improving energy efficiency;energy efficiency improvement;private car ownership;comprehensive energy planning;offshore gas field;large power plant;industrial energy efficiency;direct financial support;board of consultants;district heating component;natural gas resource;solar power capacity;rural energy sector;provincial utility;coal sector;energy conservation;petroleum sector;Technology Transfer;economic reform;thermal plant;Safeguard Policies;safeguard policy;transmission facility;Energy Projects;hydroelectric plant;Environmental Assessment;energy lending;large borrower;environmental monitoring;demonstration effect;modern technology;environmental regulation;electrostatic precipitator;central authority;financial datum;coal-fired power;oilfield operation;coal pricing;resettlement plan;environmental performance;holding company;foreign consultant;stated objective;heavy oil;oil production;borrower performance;managerial autonomy;Wind Power;energy intensities;household use;coal consumption;resettlement issue;Hydroelectric Power;foreign investor;power shortage;tariff structure;tariff increase;energy intensity;generation capacity;involuntary resettlement;rural family;global economy;energy consumer;installed capacity;energy strategies;energy portfolio;coal resource;regulatory institution;performance contract;environmental dimension;commercial development;low-sulfur coal;resettlement program;generation asset;performance drivers;study objectives;equipment purchase;state council;coal washing;policy work;acceptable limit;power network;Nuclear Power;commercial performance;cost of energy production;overseas training;emission datum;fertilizer plant;raise awareness;tariff policy;combustion technology;reform strategy;distribution network;rural area;biomass technology;price distortion;reform components;electricity distribution;tariff study;severe shortage;managerial skill;power utility;debt-equity ratio;coal preparation;offshore exploration;operational efficiency;social impact;radical reform;bank borrower;power utilities;emission target;domestic production;debt service;financial health;finance objective;boiler manufacturer;domestic content;nitrogen oxide;financial covenant;modem technology;power production;safety standard;project costing;gas prices;hydroelectric energy;coal price;oil industry;petroleum development;environmental emission;photovoltaic technology;hydroelectric potential;positive impact;loan finance;power producer;monitoring equipment;minimum level;Indigenous Peoples;absorptive capacity;market force;financial reporting;tariff setting;natural habitat;ensuring compliance;power tariff;dam safety;comparative advantage;service company;minimal impact;management method;international procurement;commercial energy;national market



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China - The Bank's assistance to China's energy sector - an OED country sector memorandum (English). Sector or Thematic Evaluation Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.