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Global ID Coverage, Barriers, and Use by the Numbers : Insights from the ID4D-Findex Survey (English)

Trusted and inclusive identification (ID) systems can serve as a powerful tool for development, accelerating progress in number of areas, such as women’s empowerment and gender equality, financial inclusion, and health. Moreover, “legal identity for all, including birth registration” is one of the 169 targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and ID and civil registration systems are increasingly seen as critical for realizing the SDG’s principle of ‘leaving no one behind’. Yet, many people worldwide are unable to prove their identity, and many ID systems lack the features and qualities that would enable them to deliver on theirpromise for development. To better understand the nature of the ‘global identification challenge’, the World Bank’s Identification for Development (ID4D) initiative partnered with the Global Findex team to gather survey data across 97 countries about ID coverage, barriers to obtaining one, and their use (e.g. for accessing government or financial services). This is the first time nationally representative data have been collected for such a large number of countries, offering unique insights.


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    Global ID Coverage, Barriers, and Use by the Numbers : Insights from the ID4D-Findex Survey

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    proof of identity; government service; Identification for Development; identity documents; financial service; ID Systems; delivery of service; difference in income; country income group; civil registration systems; financial service provider; women in society; lack of money; mobile phone service; income gap; birth certificate; mobile service; Learning and Innovation Credit; financial account; Gender Gap; high share; financial inclusion; rural area; Social Protection; income quintile; regression analysis; birth registration; legal barrier; digital identification; Public Services; survey respondent; bottom quintile; women's empowerment; development perspective; Gender Equality; constant rate; raise awareness; causal relationship; unmarried man; geographic area; marginalized group; individual level; negative coefficient; supply constraint; marginal effect; formal services; primary level; social media; future research; gender difference; survey data; measure of use; survey population; other barriers; young adult; marital status; global knowledge; employment status; education level; knowledge gap; account opening; digital development; Gender Inequality; gender inequalities; individual welfare; positive relationship; Thought Leadership; married woman



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Global ID Coverage, Barriers, and Use by the Numbers : Insights from the ID4D-Findex Survey (English). Identification for Development Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.