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Gender and Safety Nets : Priorities for Building Back Better (English)

Achieving gender equality and economic inclusion is critical for economic growth and prosperity. The pandemic threatens to reverse hard-won gains towards gender equality. Before the crisis, women were more likely than men to be engaged in vulnerable forms of work in low- and middle-income countries, were overrepresented in sectors with the largest economic disruptions, and carried the brunt of increased care work. During the crisis, their income opportunities have taken a big hit. In Ethiopia, for example, women respondents to a phone survey conducted during the early stages of the pandemic were found to be more likely than men respondents to have lost their jobs (15 percent versus 12 percent) (Ambel et al. 2020). In Latin America, women workers were 44 percent more likely than men workers to lose their jobs at the onset of the COVID-19 crisis. Woman-led microbusinesses, in the hospitality industry, and in countries more severely affected by the COVID-19 shock was disproportionately affected compared with corresponding businesses led by men (Torres et al. 2021). Women and older girls also bear a disproportionate share of the care responsibilities arising because of school closures among family members affected by COVID-19. Reports of gender-based violence have increased around the world.


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    Beegle,Kathleen G., Heinemann,Alessandra

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    The World Region,

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    Gender and Safety Nets : Priorities for Building Back Better

  • Keywords

    Labor Market Policy and Programs; information and communication technology; safety net investments; cash transfer program; informal sector worker; Gender Gap; Social Protection; social registries; Ownership Share Type; safety net program; social protection system; Social Safety Nets; violence against woman; Birth of Child; domestic resource mobilization; social assistance program; disruption in access; public debt crisis; gender differentiated impact; fight against poverty; achieving gender equality; safety net system; behavior change communication; labor force participation; intimate partner violence; needs of woman; financial literacy training; areas of service; control over resources; dimension of woman; per capita income; household and individual; gender inequalities; Gender Inequality; financial inclusion; digital technology; Learning and Innovation Credit; sustainable financing; informal worker; Digital Literacy; empowering women; minimum wage; effective approach; net payment; poor household; social worker; case management; market seller; street vendor; several countries; range management; vulnerable household; disproportionate impact; vulnerable individual; gender perspective; government structure; digital cash; gender dimension; referral system; direct payment; financial service; vulnerable woman; self-help group; identification system; Mental health; mobile money; food transfer; women's empowerment; promoting competition; economic stress; human capital; disproportionate share; government budget; inclusive care; old girl; Coping Mechanisms; socioeconomic impact; men worker; government resource; income opportunity; women worker; school closure; social insurance; hospitality industry; policy tool; strategic approach; covariate risk; new technology



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Beegle,Kathleen G. Heinemann,Alessandra

Gender and Safety Nets : Priorities for Building Back Better (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.