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Guiding principles for implementing school-based management programs (English)

Governments around the world are introducing a range of strategies aimed at improving the financing and delivery of education services, and have recently added an emphasis on improving quality as well as increasing quantity (in terms of enrollment rates). The decentralization of educational decision-making is one such strategy. Advocates of this strategy maintain that decentralizing decision-making encourages demand and ensures that schools reflect local priorities and values. By giving a voice and decision-making power to local stakeholders who know more about the local education systems than central policymakers, decentralization can improve educational outcomes and increase client satisfaction. One way to decentralize decision-making power in education is popularly known as School-based Management (SBM). There are other definitions and names for this concept, but they all refer to the decentralization of authority from the central government to the school level. SBM emphasizes the individual school (as represented by any combination of principals, teachers, parents, students, and other members of the school community) as the primary unit for improving education and the redistribution of decision-making authority over school operations as the primary means by which this improvement can be stimulated and sustained. SBM-type reforms have been introduced in countries such as Australia, Canada, Israel, and the United States, some going back 30 years. There are many reasons for this popularity. SBM has the potential to be a low cost way of making public spending on education more efficient by increasing the accountability of the agents involved and by empowering the clients to improve learning outcomes. And by putting power in the hands of the end users of the service (education), SBM eventually leads to better school management that is more cognizant of and responsive to the needs of those end users, thus in creating a better and more conducive learning environment for the students.


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    Guiding principles for implementing school-based management programs

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Guiding principles for implementing school-based management programs (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.