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Export supply chain of greenhouse crops - Armenia (English)

Greenhouse crop production in Armenia is an attractive for investors sector with high growth potential in both production and export. Armenian greenhouse enterprises produce and export vegetables (tomato and cucumber), mushrooms, berries (strawberry), and flowers (roses, gerberas, and carnations). The main export destinations are markets in Russia and other Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries. Promotion of greenhouse crop production and export is important in the agenda of the government of Armenia, as reflected in a number of its strategic documents and programs aimed at sustainable development and enhancing international competitiveness of the sector. To promote investments, the government exempted from Value Added Tax (VAT) the import of greenhouse complexes and of a number of resources used in greenhouse crop production. Nevertheless, a number of challenges along the sector’s development path face both the government and the private business entities. The mapping of the export supply chain of greenhouse crops has been implemented within the framework of the IFC Armenia Investment Climate Reform Project of the World Bank Group. The project aims to contribute to improving the country’s investment climate and thereby to attract investments into branches of its economy. One of the project’s aspects is to increase the investment attractiveness of several agribusiness branches and to promote the export and competitiveness of selected agricultural products by identifying issues in export supply chains and targeting interventions directed at addressing those issues.


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    Europe and Central Asia,

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    Export supply chain of greenhouse crops - Armenia

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    seedling production;Central Bank of Armenia;trade and competitiveness;greenhouse crop;export supply chain;drip irrigation system;cold storage facility;fruit and vegetable;production and export;food safety requirements;land tax rate;package of product;human capacity development;alternative energy source;high energy saving;customs duty rates;high growth rate;package product;reduction of cost;loans from bank;diversification of export;provision of credit;supply chain management;waste of money;clarity and consistency;provision of advice;return on investment;increasing energy efficiency;points of sale;energy saving technologies;energy saving technology;amount of gas;import tariff rate;supply chain operation;amount of investment;access to loan;cost and production;cost of gas;poor financial management;quality management system;access to finance;application of fertilizer;vegetable and fruit;provision of certification;reduction of price;highly qualified specialist;marketing of product;accessibility of finance;high energy loss;investment promotion program;attraction of investment;means of transportation;difficulties due;exchange rate fluctuation;foreign exchange rate;quality of supply;plant material;customs formality;crop variety;crop varieties;export procedure;import procedure;export market;advance payment;heating season;transition period;raw material;external market;business entity;agricultural production;long-term loan;vegetable seed;border crossing;financial resource;land parcel;international market;solar radiation;advanced technology;customs procedure;land use;gas tariff;production purpose;land allocation;market price;export opportunity;export opportunities;production cost;market imperfection;foreign market;consumer spend;customs classification;business perspective;sanitary rule;agricultural activity;sunny day;modern technology;credit line;price competitiveness;capacity strengthening;drip system;agricultural land;large consumer;export financing;support infrastructure;export product;registration procedure;legal provision;computerized control;improved technologies;marketing standard;production technology;government decision;economic sanction;working capital;awareness raising;public expenditure;agriculture sector;customs warehouse;investment loan;cargo shipment;community budget;effective marketing;cut off;cadastral values;calculation methods;local producer;gas consumption;qualified professional;educational institution;quality seed;educational program;plant disease;export flow;geographic scope;tariff system;ensuring compliance;knowledge level;regulatory commission;distribution channel;financial investment;educational system;marketing opportunities;gas heating;product safety;tailor made;gas prices;significant loss;national currency;application procedure;energy-efficient technology;construction permit;freight forwarder;transportation routes;legal act;local production;farming industry;contractual provision;tax amount;product shipment;qualified technical;professional training;tax calculation;crop ripening;gas quality;construction work;cold season;export good;export growth;departmental agencies;export volume;large-scale production;cultivated crop;commercial production;summer season;safety systems;mandatory requirement;documentation requirement;sanitary requirement;market sector;internal market;greenhouse vegetable;export crop;competitive position;financial risk;single market;enhancing competitiveness;municipal authority;financial instrument;solar light;tax relation;high performance;land allotment;protected area;reserved land;supply use;distribution network;safety indicator;Exchange Rates;product quality;safety standard;food quality;unfair competition;important change;classification code;temporary storage;hygiene practice;customs purpose;reference source;investment requirement;performance level;scrap metal;administrative problem;outdated technology;local condition;expert opinion;global greenhouse;market issues;extension service



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Export supply chain of greenhouse crops - Armenia (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.