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Yokohama Development Knowledge Sourcebook (English)

The City of Yokohama offers useful lessons for other cities seeking to achieve sustainable urban development. It simultaneously managed rapid economic growth and a sharp rise in population through a series of thoughtfully conceived and well‐integrated development projects and regulative measures, each designed to be implemented over the long term and actively involving participation of citizens and the private sector. As a result, Yokohama transformed itself from a deteriorating suburban residential town on the outskirts of Tokyo into an eco‐friendly, livable city with a strong economic base. Beginning in the 1960s, Yokohama’s urban development moved organically from strategy to coordinated multi‐sector action. This was in contrast to the approach of other cities, which more often relied on construction plans and projects developed by individual sectors and departments. A key factor in this approach was the role of the Planning and Coordination Department (PCD), which combined sector‐based plans under a single vision and strategy. Despite the significance of PCD’s role, its story has not been fully documented and is not known outside Japan. This research aims to address that gap. More broadly, it aims to understand the extent to which political will and the vision of key individuals contributed to the city’s development; to identify approaches and lessons that can be replicated in other cities.


  • Author

    Okazawa,Yuko, Levine,Daniel

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  • Document Type

    Working Paper

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  • Country


  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

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  • Doc Name

    Yokohama Development Knowledge Sourcebook

  • Keywords

    Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition; urban development and city; number of traffic accidents; land use management; urban development plan; energy management system; gross domestic product; human resource development; land use plan; land use planning; urban development policy; land use control; waste treatment facility; participation of citizens; rapid population growth; sustainable urban development; waste treatment system; planned urban development; real estate developer; number of vehicles; urban environment approach; Objectives and Outcomes; private sector partner; recruitment of staff; infrastructure and facilities; capacity development activity; national policy maker; city development plan; health care centers; direct community participation; lack of infrastructure; privileges and immunity; city development process; space for pedestrian; acquisition of land; private sector resource; private sector funding; city planning; industrial zone; Public Facilities; urban design; metropolitan area; port facility; rapid urbanization; private developer; significant challenge; management method; urban problem; land parcel; residential area; financial mechanism; Urban Planning; urban management; penetration rate; heavy industry; infrastructure service; city administration; urban issue; housing development; Public Infrastructure; property development; project goals; sewerage system; city policy; small fish; organizational structure; photo credit; International Trade; elevated highway; green space; public hearing; heavy traffic; financial resource; commuter line; highway network; public engagement; subway line; industrial area; suburban area; Management Systems; municipal budget; level of policy; city population; urban sprawl; increased demand; home ownership; population increase; short period; city area; tourism consumption; rental price; travel destination; ship building; collected waste; port capacity; foul odor; city hall; hygiene problem; adequate treatment; coverage rate; foreign policy; basic infrastructure; foreign vessel; global demand; unplanned urbanization; living condition; poor infrastructure; administrative culture; residential zone; public development; minimum requirement; public good; applicable legislation; buffer zone; housing area; town development; environmental problem; industrial activity; commercial building; railway station; private company; unused land; private land; financial cost; housing supply; land acquisition; housing shortage; public corporation; urban land; urban expansion; coastal area; downstream development; foreign bond; public funding; budgetary source; city finance; financial responsibility; legal construction; external wall; local commercial; departmental budget; city department; existing law; city budget; municipal resource; organizational characteristic; special functions; urban landscape; city government; transportation department; cultural center; sewerage treatment; infrastructure facility; immunization service; medical service; city environment; educational purposes; cargo traffic; elevated road; business infrastructure; tourist destination; bridge construction; road development; geographic location; young professional; public involvement; regular meetings; core principle; legislative framework; development style; management style; administrative body; organizational management; Public-Private Partnership; external stakeholder; individual sectors; construction plans; institutional framework; livable city; livability city; knowledge exchange; non-governmental organization; transport network; participatory approach; civil society; land area; legal entity; noncommercial purposes; building energy; creative solution; legal entities; political will; Public Services; urban growth; urban challenge; Road Networks; city stakeholder



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Okazawa,Yuko Levine,Daniel

Yokohama Development Knowledge Sourcebook (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.