Skip to Main Navigation

Identification for Development (ID4D) 2018 Annual Report  (English)

Digital identity and civil registration systems have the potential to transform development prospects and accelerate progress towards the sustainable development goals. Since its inception in 2014, the World Bank Group’s Identification for Development Initiative (ID4D) has become an important voice on this agenda, and a trusted source of knowledge and advisory services for building inclusive and trusted ID systems. The demand by country clients for has increased substantially and our cross-cutting knowledge base is now being applied to support the implementation of digital ID and civil registration systems across the globe. The 2018 update of the Global ID4D Dataset shows that an estimated one billion people globally face challenges in proving who they are because they lack official proof of their identity. As a result, they struggle to access basic services including healthcare, education, financial and mobile services and may miss out on important economic opportunities, such as participating in the digital economy or formal employment. It is for these reasons that by 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration has been set as Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 16.9 and why providing people with the ability to reliably verify their identity is key to making progress on many more SDG targets. Digital ID systems are also a key platform for improving and innovating how services are delivered in the public and private sectors. In 2018, the ID4D Initiative piloted user studies in three countries, two in Africa and one in East Asia to better understand people’s experiences, perceptions, and challenges with ID systems which is the focus of this report.


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Annual Report

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    The World Region, Other,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Identification for Development (ID4D) 2018 Annual Report 

  • Keywords

    digital id; technical assistance and advisory service; Targeting of Social Safety Nets; awareness-raising campaigns; ID Systems; legal and regulatory framework; Fragility, Conflict, and Violence; innovative public-private partnership; social safety net system; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; French Agency for Development; Civil Registration and Identification; civil registration systems; proof of identity; global public good; country case study; Identification for Development; digital identification; international legal instrument; open source solution; data protection law; security and privacy; country of origin; low income economy; person with disability; time and resource; private sector actors; point of service; age of eligibility; nationally representative survey; improving service delivery; barriers for woman; movement of people; empowerment of woman; Social Impact Assessment; law and regulation; lack of accessibility; lack of demand; delivery of service; financial sector development; community at large; theory of change; economies of scale; private sector service; lack of interoperability; heads of state; digital economy; birth registration; identification system; Advisory services; knowledge exchange; development partner; Gender Gap; technical standard; women's empowerment; legal framework; technology solution; across border; business model; financial inclusion; billion people; qualitative research; open standard; digital identity; best practice; Social Protection; forced displacement; unique identity; focus group; Gender Equality; mobile id; personal data; civil society; mutual recognition; vulnerable population; emerging technology; several countries; million people; data standard; Thought Leadership; social transfer; new market; birth certificate; vulnerable group; country survey; institutional framework; new idea; mitigating risk; global knowledge; raise awareness; charging fee; regulatory environment; participating country; humanitarian assistance; specific issue; digital opportunity; refugee situation; affected population; policy formulation; subsidy programs; natural disaster; national identity; existing knowledge; financial service; knowledge gap; id application; advocacy activity; concrete tool; human capital; unintended consequence; technical architecture; fiscal benefit; vulnerability mapping; biometric authentication; agricultural productivity; legal foundation; government decision; national population; political commitment; innovation initiative; institutional clients; system interoperability; authentication service; remote community; open technical; social program; assessing barrier; data exchange; software solution; religious minority; operational issues; small states; digital age; electronic transaction; decision tree; cashless society; productivity gain; online identification; strategic guidance; global infrastructure; mobile network; economic integration; death registration; social assistance; qualitative method; inclusive growth; technology neutrality; asylum seeker; empirical literature; isolated populations; Cash Transfer; source identification; energy subsidies; global financial; digital transformation; identity data; proxy indicator; calendar year; representative sample; unique identification; developmental benefit; data security; individual privacy; appropriate technology; legal barrier; identity documents; married woman; married man; ownership rate; universal coverage; country operations; operational guidance; aggregate statistic; national pride; daily life; Global Gender; new model; Financial Access; mobile money; inheritance right; registration process; life event; equal right; multiple policy; mobile service; photo credit; legal regime; global standard; international community; standards body; performance criteria; global advocacy; guiding principles; common vision; formal employment; irregular migrant; survey data; gender focus; Learning and Innovation Credit; net effect



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


Identification for Development (ID4D) 2018 Annual Report  (English). Identification for Development Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.