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Trade and Poverty Reduction: New Evidence of Impacts in Developing Countries (English)

In recent years there has been an intensification of the long-running debate on the effects of trade integration. This debate has focused largely on the impact of trade in advanced economies, which has risked diverting attention away from the impact of trade on people's lives in developing countries and especially the extreme poor. This volume brings together new research, using a range of different analytical approaches, that examines how the extreme poor have fared following trade liberalization in various developing countries and regions and the challenges that poor people face in benefitting from trade. Trade has been recognized as an engine for inclusive economic growth and poverty reduction in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The 2015 joint WTO-World Bank publication, The Role of Trade in Ending Poverty strengthened the evidence that trade has played a critical role in poverty reduction and that the further integration of developing countries into an open global economy will be essential for achieving the goal of ending extreme poverty by 2030.


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    Bartley Johns,Marcus, Brenton,Paul, Piermartini, Roberta, Sadni Jallab,Mustapha, Teh, Robert

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    The World Region,

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    Trade and Poverty Reduction: New Evidence of Impacts in Developing Countries

  • Keywords

    access to international market; trade and poverty; impact on poverty reduction; revenue from consumption taxes; terms of trade shock; access to the internet; impact of trade reforms; Exposure to External Shocks; limited access to finance; effect of trade; lack of competition; cost of compliance; free trade agreement; benefits of trade; reduction in tariffs; household survey data; seller of good; reduction in poverty; regional trade integration; vulnerability to poverty; access to warehouse; human capital investment; information on market; small scale farmer; empowerment of woman; access to food; barriers to trade; living in poverty; implications for policy; gender wage gap; source of income; source income; Computable General Equilibrium; access to material; factor of production; Good Agricultural Practices; poverty and conflict; impact on price; income due; Aid for Trade; product market competition; access to import; trade in goods; trade liberalization increases; pace of innovation; financing for woman; high trade barriers; trade policy reform; share of trade; price of export; increase in income; common external tariff; primary school attendance; trade policy environment; change in prices; decline in poverty; trade and gender; elimination of tariffs; attitude towards woman; initial tariff rate; global food prices; optimum currency area; economies of scale; governance and institutions; foreign trade operations; multiple trading partner; risk management system; education and health; lack of resource; access to information; Social Safety Nets; informal sector; rural area; positive impact; Trade Policies; overseas markets; research method; poor household; extreme poverty; International Trade; relative price; trade opening; Macroeconomic Stability; cross-border trade; analytical method; tariff revenue; border price; urban household; consumer goods; government revenue; tariff protection; market access; import competition; transport cost; transaction cost; domestic price; export market; adjustment cost; Export Diversification; household welfare; agricultural product; Learning and Innovation Credit; preferential tariff; job opportunity; job opportunities; wage premium; educational outcome; commercial product; bargaining power; women worker; increase productivity; income earner; domestic economy; food product; social inclusion; export crop; global economy; external trade; tariff liberalization; child malnutrition; logistics cost; trade opportunity; customs revenue; analytical approach; welfare effect; high school; fragile states; quantitative restriction; macroeconomic volatility; decline of prices; poverty impact; high wage; high tariff; international competition; creating job; information barriers; high tax; Rural Poor; export opportunity; global market; export opportunities; price change; increased imports; pilot initiatives; remote region; unskilled labour; facilitating trade; Technology Transfer; welfare impact; global shocks; low-income household; tariff reduction; digital technology; trade procedures; short term impact; short-term impact; tax incentive; individual characteristic; apparel sector; low-income group; tariff regime; gender implication; maximum tariff; market structure; informal enterprise; welfare improvement; average welfare; wage data; individual level; gender difference; net effect; geographic location; compensatory policy; income transfer; trade flow; small producer; import control; manufacturing sector; regional impact; partial equilibrium; complementary policies; increasing integration; remote area; illegal behavior; industrial classification; customs procedure; conflict states; econometric technique; international border; border infrastructure; sexual harassment; firm level; nutritional data; information cost; agricultural good; bilateral trade; poverty linkage; adverse outcomes; family network; agricultural economics; logistics service; production process; intermediate product; macroeconomic fluctuation



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Bartley Johns,Marcus Brenton,Paul Piermartini, Roberta Sadni Jallab,Mustapha Teh, Robert

Trade and Poverty Reduction: New Evidence of Impacts in Developing Countries (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.