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Cape Verde's infrastructure : a continental perspective (English)

Cape Verde stands out in West Africa as a country whose economic geography poses major and unique challenges for infrastructure development. Its small population of half a million people is spread across a nine-island archipelago. The islands need complementary infrastructure in terms of roads, water, transport, ports, power, and ICT. Cape Verde already has well-developed infrastructure networks. Road density is relatively high, and most of the national network is paved. Almost all islands have port and airport facilities. Around 70 percent of the population has power and utility water. Indicators for ICT coverage -- penetration, bandwidth, submarine cable, private sector participation -- are relatively good. Nevertheless, prices for all services are exceptionally high. The quality of services is often deficient. At least half of the national road network is in poor condition; power supply is unreliable; and half of the population receives water from standposts. Cape Verde devotes around $147 million per year to infrastructure (almost 15 percent of GDP), among the highest levels of infrastructure spending on the continent. Some $50 million of that is lost each year to operations inefficiencies and underpricing. The country's main challenges are to improve infrastructure management and reduce high costs of services.

Details

  • Author

    Benitez,Daniel Alberto, Briceno-Garmendia,Cecilia M.

  • Document Date

    2011/06/01

  • Document Type

    Policy Research Working Paper

  • Report Number

    WPS5687

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Cabo Verde,

  • Region

    Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2011/06/01

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Cape Verde's infrastructure : a continental perspective

  • Keywords

    Global System for Mobile Communications;international aviation safety;information and communication technology;Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access;liters per capita per day;annual per capita growth rate;water supply and sanitation;private participation in infrastructure;power and water;rural access to electricity;capital investment in water;national communications agency;cost of power generation;social point of view;water and sanitation utility;domestic air transport market;hidden cost;national road network;cost of water;operations and maintenance;road maintenance fund;distribution loss;access to latrines;price of oil;domestic water consumption;access to health;scarcity of water;air traffic management;mobile phone subscriber;point of collection;domestic energy resource;introduction of competition;cost of service;number of technologies;millennium challenge;access to ict;distribution of household;institutional reform agenda;rates of access;international air transport;degree of concentration;cost of fuel;infrastructure service provision;air traffic control;access to broadband;price of petroleum;cost of production;costs of power;delivery of cargo;power generation capacity;water tariff;road agency;commercially viable;submarine cable;power price;infrastructure spending;national network;road density;capital expenditure;infrastructure sector;peer group;subsistence consumption;arable land;comparator country;international airport;operational inefficiency;small population;water sector;power service;national power;power tariff;asphalt road;energy cost;oil price;port operation;general cargo;fuel price;share value;Water Subsidies;port capacity;dwell time;efficiency gain;operational performance;tourism industry;residential tariff;budget execution;cargo vessel;scale economy;loss ratio;ferry service;paved road;economic geography;flush toilet;adequate funds;utility bill;Learning and Innovation Credit;Road Networks;airport facility;water resource;utility tariff;power subsidy;power production;infrastructure management;bottleneck facility;regulatory tool;household budget;broadband market;water bill;Broadband Access;desalination plants;operational efficiency;water need;mobile network;sector specialist;rural area;telecenter facility;sanitation indicators;efficient market;voice telecommunications;fuel cost;international call;investment pattern;local call;competitive market;national income;public expenditure;Capital Investments;open access;development policy;power consumption;industry regulator;telecommunications law;international communications;oil subsidy;million people;automatic adjustment;macroeconomic level;spatial analysis;broadband internet;implicit subsidy;Direct Subsidies;water scarcity;private investment;utility performance;direct subsidy;high power;cost allocation;open defecation;piped water;international flight;Public-Private Partnership;production asset;installed capacity;water utility;flag carrier;direct flight;strategic location;company revenue;government subsidy;government analysis;traffic growth;mobile telephony;market concentration;market participant;operational management;seat capacity;earth road;utility service;turnaround time;domestic traffic;transit stop;firm survey;airport operation;aviation sector;air travel;methodological issue;infrastructure challenge;service charges;island state;investment need;road length;container load;Ocean Shipping;fiscal cost;international travel;international market;safety audit;political commitment;flag carriers;water utilities;fuel levy;landlord port;reform plan;port administration;port activity;short-term fluctuation;financial datum;maritime area;shipping service;landlord model;transfer tax;guaranteed rate;road investment;international traffic;international port;large ship;small island;sector liberalization;introducing competition;regulatory skill;infrastructure facility;Roll off;infrastructure constraints;enterprise survey;water source;transport connection;daily flights

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Citation

Benitez,Daniel Alberto Briceno-Garmendia,Cecilia M.

Cape Verde's infrastructure : a continental perspective (English). Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5687 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/972531468015850722/Cape-Verdes-infrastructure-a-continental-perspective