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Strengthening Hydromet and Early Warning Services in Afghanistan : A Road Map (English)

Hydrological and meteorological (hydromet) data collection and analysis in Afghanistan started in the late 1940s and mid-1950s, respectively. The hydrometric network expanded rapidly in the 1960s and 1970s, reaching a peak of 150 in 1980, and the meteorological network had a similar trajectory. Two decades of war, however, brought instability and insecurity that reduced public resources, capacities, collaboration, and coordination. The institutional framework governing weather, climate and hydrological (hydromet) services as well as early warning (EW) and disaster risk management (DRM) services did not escape these setbacks. In 1996, Taliban forces sacked the meteorology office, ruining equipment and destroying over 100 years of weather records. Hydroelectric production nearly ceased as turbines were destroyed, floodgates blown open, and transmission lines brought down. The civil war and its aftermath led to the degradation of traditional observation networks, prevalence of outdated and inefficient technologies, and lack of modern instruments and information and communication technology (ICT). The absence of forecasts and weather information reversed years of development gains in farming and civil aviation operations. In 1998, an Ariana Afghan Airlines flight in route from Kandahar to Kabul in bad weather crashed into a mountaintop, killing 45 people. From 1998 to 2004, a major drought forced nearly 1 million Afghans from their farms and herds into metropolitan areas, impacting half the agriculture land, killing 3 million livestock, and seriously depleting groundwater resources in Kabul and the Kabul Water Basin.


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    South Asia,

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    Strengthening Hydromet and Early Warning Services in Afghanistan : A Road Map

  • Keywords

    Hydromet; Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building; access to safe drinking water; social and economic development; food and agricultural; data collection and analysis; information and communication technology; integrated water resources management; early warning; socioeconomic benefits; flood; loss of life; decades of war; delivery of service; Water Resource Management; climate change consequences; hydroelectric power generation; quality public service; depleting groundwater resource; economies of scale; lack of action; safety of life; national institutional framework; availability of water; amount of water; sustainable socioeconomic development; extreme weather event; Urban Development Affairs; numerical weather prediction; operations and maintenance; decision support system; standard operating procedure; data collection system; damage to infrastructure; displacement of people; dams and reservoirs; disaster risk management; human resource planning; gross domestic product; service delivery agency; energy and water; surface water body; service delivery system; infrastructure and facilities; abundance of water; small-scale irrigation system; water availability; data management; natural disaster; monitoring network; climate services; data system; Climate Risk; dust storm; flash flood; Water Shortage



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Strengthening Hydromet and Early Warning Services in Afghanistan : A Road Map (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.