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Reducing inequality for shared growth in China : strategy and policy options for Guangdong province : Overview (English)

This overview summarizes the key findings of the eight chapters and one policy note. It is organized as follows. The first section provides a background of Guangdong, while the second describes the current situation of inequality in the province. Next is a discussion of the potential impacts of the transfer of industrial activities ('industrial transfer') in mitigating regional disparity, followed by the recommendation of a three pillar strategy for Guangdong. The fifth section focuses on the elimination of absolute poverty through the minimum living allowance (Dibao) system, and the sixth turns to policy actions needed to increase opportunities for the rural population by moving them to jobs, increasing their access to finance, and ensuring that their land rights are better protected. The seventh section further assesses Guangdong's options for investing in people through more equitable service delivery in compulsory education, skill development, and health care, with the aim of enhancing the capacity of the poor to seize and utilize opportunities. The last section concludes this overview.

Details

  • Document Date

    2010/12/07

  • Document Type

    Publication

  • Report Number

    59092

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    China,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2011/01/20

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Overview

  • Keywords

    access to junior secondary education;household survey data;annual average growth rate;reduction of transaction costs;equal access to education;rural labor;absolute poverty;per capita income;regional disparity;access to finance;health care service;infant mortality rate;urban household;inequality in income;Municipalities;rural area;formal financial institution;education and health;rural financial institution;years of schooling;Proxy Means Tests;official poverty line;high school education;intergovernmental fiscal system;rural labor force;local fiscal capacity;rural poor people;rural worker;reducing inequality;lagging region;income inequality;social insurance program;Check and Balances;Financing of Education;urban labor market;level of wealth;gross domestic product;poor rural household;factor of production;management of education;means of production;capacity for poverty;access to land;primary school graduate;national household survey;junior secondary school;discrimination in employment;basic social service;rising income inequality;loss of work;senior secondary education;number of beneficiaries;per capita consumption;total labor force;purchasing power parity;provision of book;local financial institution;household and individual;determinants of migration;economies of scale;rural credit cooperative;inequality of opportunity;credit guarantee scheme;funds transfer system;loan portfolio quality;index of inequality;credit cooperatives;high infant mortality;market for credit;reduction of inequality;local investment climate;financial service provider;lack of resource;guaranteed minimum income;basic financial service;intergovernmental transfer system;migrant jobs;migrant worker;urban job;compulsory education;industrial activity;consumption poverty;benefit structure;Health Service;agglomeration economy;living allowance;high share;program coverage;inpatient service;household income;savings deposit;rural income;equal distribution;financial cooperatives;rural laborer;geographical concentration;poverty situation;income poverty;commercial bank;systemic risk;measuring poverty;labor transfer;geographic area;preschool child;means testing;credit supply;financing responsibility;limited coverage;Vocational Training;nonperforming loan;government action;rural population;unequal access;unequal opportunity;performance gap;urban sector;mountainous area;productivity growth;market institution;business creation;public policy;migration decision;rural migrant;market failure;economic efficiency;disadvantaged area;domestic consumption;low volume;urban-rural disparity;outpatient service;pregnant woman;government spending;government health;urban resident;rural resident;health expenditure;eligibility threshold;financial instrument;urban dweller;funds flow;farming household;cash holding;government security;income disparity;provincial policy;public deposit;paid-up capital;Child care;urban employment;residency requirements;bond issue;rural-urban migration;policy priority;Job Creation;coastal provinces;loan classification;loan quality;outstanding debt;informal moneylenders;outstanding loan;political influence;supply side;family background;unfair competition;poor health;high probability;income quintile;educational quality;intermediate outcome;infrastructure quality;increased spending;school fee;young male;private spending;home area;spatial distribution;study estimate;restricted access;labor regulation;innovative product;fiscal incentive;optimal balance;public intervention;important policy;long-term growth;spatial concentration;equivalence scale;household size;benefit equal;targeting mechanism;community participation;social value;consumption need;chronic disease;discretionary power;determining eligibility;marginalized group;fair treatment;discretionary approach;household eligibility;government intervention;political inequality;economic institution;Social Protection;outcome measure;criminal act;public property;public power;government revenue;direct transfer;metal mining

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Citation

Reducing inequality for shared growth in China : strategy and policy options for Guangdong province : Overview (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/979091468216952621/Overview