Skip to Main Navigation

The more stringent, the better rationing car use in Bogota with moderate and drastic restrictions (English)

Rationing car use based on license plate number has become a popular policy in several cities around the world to address traffic congestion and air pollution. This paper studies the effects of the moderate and drastic driving restrictions imposed as part of the Pico y Placa program on car use and air pollution in Bogota. Using data on ambient carbon monoxide, gasoline consumption, and vehicle sales and registrations, no evidence of an improvement in air quality or a reduction in car use is found in either phase of the program. On the contrary, there is some indication that, relative to the moderate phase, gasoline consumption, vehicle ownership, and carbon monoxide in the morning peak tended to increase slightly when drastic restrictions were implemented.


  • Author

    Bonilla,Jorge A.

  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Policy Research Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    Latin America & Caribbean,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    The more stringent, the better ? rationing car use in Bogota with moderate and drastic restrictions

  • Keywords

    driving restriction;gasoline consumption;total number of vehicle;restrictions on car use;elasticity of car use;reduction in gasoline consumption;gasoline consumption per capita;private vehicle;gdp growth rate;lack of evidence;real exchange rate;meteorological variables;car sale;indicator variable;emission control technology;reduced air pollution;license plate;gasoline price;vehicle sale;concentration of traffic;vehicle registration fee;volatile organic compound;effect of temperature;outdoor air pollution;error correction model;price elasticity estimate;contingent valuation survey;impact of congestion;purchasing power parity;composite consumption good;sale of new;roads and highway;total vehicle fleet;robustness check;temperature inversion;standard error;vehicle ownership;price index;light vehicle;gasoline demand;vehicle stock;carbon monoxide;traffic count;congestion charge;secondary road;consumption equation;transportation choice;vehicle price;rush hour;industrial production;working day;emission standard;wind direction;traffic emission;wind speed;behavioral response;load vehicle;vehicle speed;relative humidity;regulatory cost;seasonal variation;present study;Public Transport;econometric approach;pollution indicator;atmospheric environment;



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


Bonilla,Jorge A.

The more stringent, the better rationing car use in Bogota with moderate and drastic restrictions (English). Policy Research working paper,no. WPS 7846 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.