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Kenya - Re-investing in stabilization and growth through public sector adjustment : Main report (English)

The report discusses why comprehensive civil service and parastatal reforms are urgently needed. Although economic growth has been close to five percent per year since 1985, it has been insufficient to significantly raise per capita incomes and create enough jobs for Kenya's young and rapidly growing population. In the past, the public sector has absorbed these workers more quickly than the private sector. However, this is unsustainable, partly because it has created destabilizing fiscal imbalances and stifled the private sector's supply response to on-going sectoral reforms. Furthermore, growth has been relatively inefficient depending more on additional resources than increases in productivity. This has been especially true in the parastatal sector where resources are used so inefficiently that if they were transferred to the private sector, the economy could grow faster by about two percentage points a year. To prevent growth from slowing further, the Government needs to stabilize the economy by dealing with the underlying forces which drive the Government expenditure. To do so as well as tackle the slower onset problem of deteriorating public sector efficiency, the Government should streamline its functions and organizational structure to eliminate duplication, downsize staff, reform pay and personnel procedures, as well as reform the parastatal sector through measures such as privatization and restructuring and develop the private sector.

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Kenya - Re-investing in stabilization and growth through public sector adjustment : Main report (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/985831468046146316/Main-report