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Cash Transfers, Food Prices, and Nutrition Impacts on Nonbeneficiary Children (English)

Based on a randomized evaluation, the paper shows that a household-targeted Philippine cash transfer program significantly raised the local price of key foods relevant for child nutritional status. This shift in prices increased stunting among young nonbeneficiary children by 34 percent (11 percentage points). Price and stunting effects increase in program saturation; at median saturation, the village income shock is 15 percent. These effects persist 2.5 years after program introduction. The authors confirm the price patterns in their experimental sample against price information from nationally-representative household expenditure surveys across the 6-year rollout of the program. Failing to consider such general equilibrium effects may overstate the net benefits of targeted cash transfers. In areas where targeting of social programs covers a large proportion of the population, offering the program on a universal basis may avoid such long-lasting negative impacts at moderate additional cost.


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    Filmer,Deon P., Friedman,Jed, Kandpal,Eeshani, Onishi,Junko

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  • Document Type

    Policy Research Working Paper

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  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

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  • Doc Name

    Cash Transfers, Food Prices, and Nutrition Impacts on Nonbeneficiary Children

  • Keywords

    maternal and child health services; Infant and Young Child Feeding; beneficiary household; conditional cash transfer program; price elasticity of demand; maternal and child nutrition; measure of health status; quality of health services; considerable amount of time; nutritional status of child; health care seeking behavior; marginal cost of production; income elasticity of demand; higher levels of access; female labor force participation; beneficiary child; children of ages; protein rich food; rice and grain; impact on child; high school graduate; local market price; household survey data; consumption of egg; relative price change; household consumption expenditure; skilled birth attendance; impact on price; income expenditure survey; Access to Electricity; access to health; information on consumption; health care utilization; health care system; health seeking behavior; household budget survey; labor market impact; test of equality; mother and child; cost of import; Economic Research Service; department of agriculture; public employment program; class of goods; agricultural household model; health service utilization; child feeding practice; average treatment effect; animal source food; constant marginal cost; random number generator; types of good; secondary school enrollment; child in school; increase in income; age of child; public works program; effect of transfer; children under age; local health center; health and nutrition; relative price difference; child labor program; poor rural household; nationally representative survey; real income decline; province level data; per capita consumption; estimates of income; pattern of change; price elasticity estimate; quality of healthcare; labor market behavior; difference in income; food consumption decisions; fixed effect; food price; local price; food good; point estimate; standard deviation; food intake; general equilibrium; elementary school; program impact; fresh fish; negative spillover; demand shift; egg consumption; child growth; video recorder; storage cost; household head; older child; child stunting; fresh meat; test score; local demand; price effect; budget share; local producer; import cost; observed change; old children; national household; pregnant woman; Antenatal Care; perishable good; local economy; household size; labor supply; nutritious food; college graduate; water source; program beneficiary; conceptual framework; perishable food; household composition; price response; national nutrition; demand function; high transport; program coverage; normal good; physical growth; food category; aggregate demand; age range; estimate impact; traded goods; spatial variation; equilibrium price; administrative datum; eligible child; local production; program participation; goods market; local supply; Early childhood; supply response; competitive price; fresh fruit; robustness check; anthropometric measure; human capital; program expansion; poverty threshold; geographic targeting; fresh vegetable; price rise; chicken egg; household welfare; household food; homogenous good; national market; market structure; imperfect competition; empirical analysis; quantity demand; individual household; food expenditure; poor household; income transfer; household resource; observed increase; estimated elasticity; local population; household income; nutritional outcome; local area; household level; peer effects; age category; children's nutrition; aggregate income; trade costs; village income; village economy; childhood malnutrition; protein intake; nutrition indicator; relevant market; package goods; young age; welfare outcome; positive spillover; high transportation; unintended consequence; price ratio; school attendance; information channel; exposure indicator; average price; age difference; green vegetable; fish consumption; remote community; engle curve; basic food; food share; developmental period; Child care; local food; direct expenditure; nutrition status; acute malnutrition



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Filmer,Deon P. Friedman,Jed Kandpal,Eeshani Onishi,Junko

Cash Transfers, Food Prices, and Nutrition Impacts on Nonbeneficiary Children (English). Policy Research working paper,no. WPS 8377 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.