Skip to Main Navigation

India - Economic situation and prospects (English)

This report focuses on three important issues in development strategy for India: (i) the broader policy options emerging in agriculture; (ii) the deepening infrastructure crisis; and (iii) the disconcerting balance of payments outlook. The report also presents an updated review of the population and family planning developments. Economic peformance during 1979-80 deteriorated sharply, and some weaknesses as well as strengths were revealed during this period as a result of the world situation and the legacies of past progress and policies. Foodgrain supplies have been abundant and balance demand, which has been affected by a successful family planning program. Inadequacy of infrastructure and shortages of basic inputs are a major weakness, having a crippling effect on the industrial sector. Elimination of management and labor problems could add substantially to output. A structural adjustment program should focus on three imperatives: (i) export expansion; (ii) import substitution; and (iii) adjustment of the energy policy in view of production and price trends in the world economy and the country's resource endowments.


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    India - Economic situation and prospects

  • Keywords

    access to safe water;balance of payment;drought;crude death rate;population growth rate;Foreign Exchange Reserve;capital surplus;average number of person;rate of population growth;population per nurse;maternal and child health;balance of payment crisis;Agriculture;agricultural production;consumption per capita;gnp per capita;thermal power plant;terms of trade;absolute poverty;total labor force;current account balance;inflation;market price;petroleum product;drought relief;agricultural price;improvements in management;current account deficit;female labor force;Public Sector Undertakings;low income group;loss of income;domestic market price;level of remittance;public sector investment;local cost financing;total energy consumption;natural gas reserves;per capita income;protection of farmer;expansion of capacity;capacity utilization rate;general price level;indicators of access;female graduate;Population Age structure;crude birth rate;infant mortality rate;family planning program;improvements in efficiency;public sector saving;domestic saving rate;adult literacy rate;official school age;per capita gnp;decline of fertility;Access to Electricity;net reproduction rate;cost of living;number of teachers;average exchange rate;industrial production;import substitution;stable price;employment program;severe drought;pricing policy;labor relation;fertility rate;market rate;price rise;import cost;short supply;comparative advantage;supply shortages;domestic production;agricultural land;rural area;land area;Population Projection;adequate supply;petroleum production;policy option;world economy;animal protein;trade deficit;Population Density;cereal price;live birth;export growth;industrial sector;petroleum price;annual deaths;net aid;oil price;external resource;railway operation;agricultural growth;extreme values;power availability;industrial growth;coal supply;thermal plant;primary goods;producer price;labor productivity;radio sets;budgetary burden;coal industry;power supply;Power Generation;inventory control;intermediate input;aid donor;slow disbursing;net disbursements;disbursement rate;increased returns;essential goods;agricultural infrastructure;government control;medium-term outlook;total output;national income;secondary level;annual production;large expenditures;capital need;resource constraint;resource scarcity;married woman;tax rate;real income;food commodity;fiscal effort;tax effort;motor car;household consumption;crop yield;literate adult;fertility decline;drought year;labor problem;public fountain;program beneficiary;crop production;rural level;urban level;money supply;children of ages;water need;industrial price;education enrollment;rice price;wheat price;floating rate;spot rate;pet supply;body weight;household level;personal income;protein content;foreign asset;female population;trade figures;health poverty;relative poverty;surface water;energy equivalent;crude petroleum;petroleum import;constant price;socio-economic indicator;stationary population;pit privy;coal equivalent;custodial care;medical assistant;medical facility;food supply;replacement level;pupil-teacher ratio;primary level;hospital bed;enrollment ratio;fertility trend;life expectancy;participation rate;agricultural commodity;subsequent years;conversion factor;Electric Power;freight transportation;demographic experience;price index;internationally comparable;electricity energy;national highway;cargo traffic;inflationary process;surface area;inland water;agricultural area;export earning;interim budget;reasonably high;export expansion;world market;cost advantage;edible oil;energy policies;procurement system;price trend;resource endowments;oil exploration;export earnings;structural adjustment;monsoon failure;Economic Policy;aid flow;export volume;worker remittance;world trade;relative price;domestic price;external payment;price stability;agricultural input;



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


India - Economic situation and prospects (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.