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Cambodia's Seila program: a decentralized approach to rural development and poverty reduction (English)

The Seila Program of the Royal Government of Cambodia is an aid mobilization and coordination framework to support the country's decentralization and deconcentration reforms. It was launched in 1996 as a government experiment in poverty alleviation in rural areas. Seila means .foundation stone. in Khmer Sanskrit. In the early 1990s Cambodia emerged as a socially and politically fragmented country with an acute need for reconstruction and reconciliation. It was marked by the legacies of prolonged and extreme violence, deep and widespread poverty, lack of social trust, and deep suspicions with respect to government intentions. It had experienced a systematic destruction of human capital; rural society suffered from both deficits of credible political ideas and of respected local leaders. In general the rural population avoided engagement with the state. There was thus a crucial need for a development program that could simultaneously address social fragmentation at the local level while increasing the legitimacy of local administration.


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    Andersen,Henny Moller

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    Working Paper

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    East Asia and Pacific,

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    Cambodia's Seila program: a decentralized approach to rural development and poverty reduction

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Andersen,Henny Moller

Cambodia's Seila program: a decentralized approach to rural development and poverty reduction (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.