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The agricultural economy of Northeast Brazil (English)

The Northeast problem is one of massive economic and social disparity, compounded by an apparent intractability. This study focuses on the agricultural sector. Formulation of agricultural policy has been difficult and disappointing to a large degree as a result of the diversity in farming systems and in production and marketing patterns. Therefore, the study identifies seven distinct physiographic zones. It distinguishes different groups in the agricultural labor force according to tenurial arrangements that affect their access to land. Discussion of agricultural production leads to the suggestion that the product mix, which is inferior and locally consumed, contributes to the region's stagnation. Farm incomes are highly skewed, depending partly on farm size and partly on location. It appears that the large farm sector is not using resources efficiently. Labor is perhaps the only factor for which markets, delivery systems, and mobility are sufficient to balance demand and supply. A linear programming model provides a consistent quantitative framework within which to identify the factors constraining development and to simulate effects of policy interventions. Land reform emerges as the most likely prerequisite for solving the Northeast problem.

Details

  • Author

    Kutcher, G. Scandizzo, Pasquale L.

  • Document Date

    1981/01/31

  • Document Type

    Publication

  • Report Number

    UNN184

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Brazil,

  • Region

    Latin America & Caribbean,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Doc Name

    The agricultural economy of Northeast Brazil

  • Keywords

    drought;Agriculture;regional development policy;shadow price;average net income;poverty does;high rates of inflation;life expectancy at birth;model result;per capita income;standard of living;amount of power;skilled labor force;european economic community;elasticity of demand;water storage facility;physiographic zones;effect of drought;agricultural sector;centers of activity;agricultural research effort;agriculture system;expansion of export;terms of trade;overvalued exchange rate;disparity in income;agriculture and industry;agricultural research program;regional development bank;number of workers;tropical rain forest;investment in water;tax incentive scheme;general equilibrium model;regional development strategy;urban labor force;world war ii;growth and development;concentration of poverty;adequate water supply;demand for meat;human population growth;rural social structure;agricultural economy;labor use;cattle breeding;severe drought;sugar industry;sugar plantation;policy prescriptions;comprehensive strategy;reservation wage;base case;national income;mathematical programming;tax credit;Rural Poor;comparative advantage;present study;large estates;draft power;federal agency;poverty problem;regression results;farming system;irrigation program;government intervention;brazilian culture;free labor;cattle breeders;family farm;political problem;employment opportunities;restricted circulation;industrial employment;net result;employment opportunity;special fund;subsistence farming;mutual interest;private investment;capital flow;intervention programs;industrial structure;rural economy;excess labor;primary production;Economic Policy;commercial agriculture;rural worker;subsistence agriculture;socioeconomic development;Temporary Work;drought relief;agrarian structure;urban agricultural policy;quantitative analysis;alternative mean;socioeconomic infrastructure;living condition;internal security;increasing unemployment;rural income;annual production;financial resource;federal program;food import;political pressure;sugar production;underemployed labor;cheap labor;land use;population pressure;agricultural settlement;national policy;agricultural labor;tax liability;fiscal incentive;capital-intensive sector;inherent characteristics;industrial incentive;scheme will;cattle ranching;soil erosion;agricultural productivity;slave labor;industrial center;individual farmer;drought year;government contribution;crop stock;economic evolution;technological tool;long-term planning;agricultural estate;crop production;labor requirement;employment rate;family labor;resource cost;food crop;optimal size;classification scheme;elastic demand;supply schedule;equilibrium point;export earnings;industrial investment;capital resource;agricultural land;subsistence crop;social disturbance;sugar mill;gross product;agricultural stagnation;social change;short-term employment;mineral deposit;relief work;storage capacity;family expenditures;regional planning;world price;national unity;mineral wealth;internal migration;socioeconomic structure;rural laborer;coastal population;rural region;urban slum;social unrest;permanent settlement;nutritional deficiency;basic foodstuff;coastal strip;forest zone;agricultural problem;bank activity;rural problem;driving force;agricultural survey;manual labor;sole responsibility;commercial farm;long hour;survey results;social disparities;social disparity;agricultural enterprise;programming model;crop yield;social history;Employment Policies;employment policy;average distance;sugarcane crop;output ratio;average yield;monetary expenditure;gross output;research assistance;family consumption;labor utilization;industrial sector;political structure;adequate nutrition;illiteracy rate;social planner;land distribution;absorptive capacity;foreign market;long-term investment;federal policy;industrial labor;socioeconomic behavior;empirical term;technical expertise;foreign capital;cotton export;irrigation potential;lump sum;regional economy

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Citation

Kutcher, G. Scandizzo, Pasquale L.

The agricultural economy of Northeast Brazil (English). Unnumbered series ; no. UNN 184 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/991831468744247752/The-agricultural-economy-of-Northeast-Brazil