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What Factors Exacerbate and Mitigate the Risk of Gender-Based Violence During COVID-19? : Insights From a Phone Survey in Indonesia (English)

One in three Indonesian women have experienced Gender-Based Violence (GBV) in their lifetime. The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic may further exacerbate the risks of GBV. First, additional stress due to health risks and economic uncertainty is likely to trigger conflict within family. Second, more time spent in the same physical space with potential perpetrators due to lockdowns may also increase the likelihood of abuse. We collected data on exposure to GBV through a phone survey to understand the factors that pose the greatest risk and policy interventions that may effectively protect women. In-person data collection was not possible due to health concerns associated with the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. In order to not jeopardize the safety of the respondents through backlash from perpetrators living in the same households, we did not ask questions about violence directly. Rather, based on consultations with GBV experts, we developed a series of proxy questions, which allowed us to infer the likely exposure to violence.

Details

  • Author

    Halim,Daniel Zefanya, Can,England Rhys, Perova,Elizaveta

  • Document Date

    2020/12/01

  • Document Type

    Brief

  • Report Number

    155758

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Indonesia,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2021/01/12

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    What Factors Exacerbate and Mitigate the Risk of Gender-Based Violence During COVID-19? : Insights From a Phone Survey in Indonesia

  • Keywords

    Demographic and Health Survey; exposure to violence; female labor force participation; violence against child; quality assurance system; linear regression analysis; high population density; intimate partner violence; implications for policy; violence against woman; international migrant worker; access to job; closing gender gap; household food insecurity; years of schooling; gender innovation lab; paternity leave; economic empowerment; low risk; rural area; economic stress; educated woman; childcare services; paid maternity; respondents felt; electric bill; staple food; household bargaining; Wage Subsidies; economic recovery; human capital; immediate relief; wage subsidy; second job; Labor Market; broken bone; repair shop; several years; several factors; age distribution; Higher Education; empowering women; income quintile; education level; going out; household size; relative magnitude; urban districts; household income; Social Protection; machine learning; abusive relationship; domestic work; risk perception; social assistance; Economic Studies; factory worker; high share; information center; economic study; anecdotal evidence; recent studies; phone number; leave benefit; survey data; other development

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Citation

Halim,Daniel Zefanya Can,England Rhys Perova,Elizaveta

What Factors Exacerbate and Mitigate the Risk of Gender-Based Violence During COVID-19? : Insights From a Phone Survey in Indonesia (English). East Asia and Pacific Gender Innovation Lab (EAPGIL) Series Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/991971610438425529/What-Factors-Exacerbate-and-Mitigate-the-Risk-of-Gender-Based-Violence-During-COVID-19-Insights-From-a-Phone-Survey-in-Indonesia