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Burma - Second Forestry (East Pegu Yoma) Project (English)

The Forestry II East Pegu Yoma Project for Burma achieved successful results overall. There were some delays in project implementation mainly due to delays in equipment procurement and fuel shortages. Shortfalls occurred in targets for production of nonteak hardwood logs and sawnwood, and for construction of all-weather and extended logging season roads. The Timber Corporation, which was the principal implementing agency, was considerably strengthened through the project. The outlook for sustainability appears good, at least over the assumed economic life of the several processing facilities. Throughout the project period, management was of a high professional standard. The performance of contractors and suppliers was adequate. IDA's supervision of the project was also generally satisfactory. The main lessons which emerge from the project are as follows: (i) the economy-wide problem of foreign exchange scarcity, as evidenced by shortages of fuel and building materials, was underestimated at appraisal; (ii) in view of the slow and cumbersome procurement procedures in the country, more lead time should be allowed for procurement activities; (iii) the scope and timeframe for bulding up an export market for nonteak hardwoods have proven to be overoptimistic; and (iv) in the plantation program, the effectiveness of the Taungya silvicultural method, using landless hill people and thus eliminating shifting cultivation and the resulting loss of forest, was established.


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Project Completion Report

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  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

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  • Doc Name

    Burma - Second Forestry (East Pegu Yoma) Project

  • Keywords

    improvement of road infrastructure;large tracts of land;operation and maintenance cost;Operational Core Curriculum;allowable annual cut;loss of forest;forest industry development;bank supervision missions;forest management plan;procurement of materials;negative environmental impact;road construction equipment;management of elephants;allocation of resource;lack of road;area of forest;repair and maintenance;cost of construction;construction of road;rates of return;price and quality;addition of air;fuel shortage;double shift;land clearing;train operator;overseas training;credit closing;building material;log production;rail transport;conversion rate;project costing;reserve forest;wet season;mechanical equipment;mechanical harvesting;road building;procurement procedure;foreign exchange;export revenue;site preparation;skilled operator;local market;shifting cultivation;dry season;log transportation;transportation cost;transportation corridor;Electric Power;extraction process;trial period;dollar term;unit train;road transport;financial viability;physical development;extraction equipment;extraction system;export market;organizational structure;maximum temperature;decentralization effort;transport capacity;skilled labor;forest type;financial prices;lower costs;forest inventories;product price;river system;tax component;construction activities;surface material;production target;light truck;teak extraction;continuous supply;debt service;access route;forest department;forest stock;timber price;climatic condition;conversion factor;natural forest;road material;mountain range;steep terrain;short period;annual output;sandy loam;average precipitation;market supply;local training;forest industries;elephant population;national herd;TOR of procurement;population dynamic;elephant management;wood product;financial compensation;credit agreement;land area;contract price;power problems;deciduous forest;tree species;quality improvement;environmental issue;cubic feet;project identification;remote area;life span;basic infrastructure;fuel supply;road system;firming up;road maintenance;Forest Development;dry area;constant term;high duties;load area;Cash flow;hardwood forests;forest operation;logging equipment;subsistence crop;area population;skill mix;quality seed;credit effectiveness;professional standard;



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Burma - Second Forestry (East Pegu Yoma) Project (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.