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How can LLDCs Overcome the Plight of Land Locked-ness? (English)

Landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) are amongst the most vulnerable countries in the world. They lack territorial access to the sea, and are hemmed in by more than just land. More daunting than the physical distance to the sea are the institutional, procedural, and logistical barriers –weak “supply chains” making the flows of LLDC’s exports and imports through adjacent transit countries unreliable, slow, and costly. To set the context further, about one-fifth of the world’s nations are landlocked. Of these 44 landlocked countries, 32 are developing economies and 16 areamong the world’s least developed countries. Their 480 million people represent about 6 percent of the world’s population but only about 1 percent of world trade. Half of LLDCs remain in the lowest ranks of the human development index and often lack the financial means and technical skills needed to design and implement necessary transit reforms to improve their regional connectivity. With most of the landlocked countries landing in the “bottom billion,” and an average GDP per capita of USD 800, the World Bank Group (WBG) has been responding to the needs of LLDC’s through several interventions.




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Dumitrescu,Anca Cristina El-Hefnawy,Moustafa Baher Zemke,Leszek Tymoteusz

How can LLDCs Overcome the Plight of Land Locked-ness? (English). Transport and Digital Development Snapshots Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.